Features and effects of returned migrant workers’ entrepreneurship in Shaanxi Province are analyzed. Returned migrant workers’ entrepreneurship in Shaanxi Province depends on traditional agriculture to develop the quantitative business of planting and breeding, local resources to develop the processing of building material and agricultural products, small towns to develop service industry such as catering and tourism and the capital accumulated when working in the outside to achieve the transformation from an ordinary worker to an entrepreneur. Returned migrant workers’ entrepreneurship in Shaanxi Province promotes the employment and expends ways of transferring rural labor force and increasing incomes. Advantages recourses are attracted to the rural and underdeveloped areas, which is beneficial to narrowing the gap between the urban and rural areas. It can also promote the transformation of agricultural developmental methods and speed the pace of building modern agriculture. And a group of talents with higher qualities are provided for new rural construction through the modeling and leading role. Entrepreneurship and urbanization are combined together to advance the process of rural urbanization.