Sector Familiar Agrícola, Mercado de Trabalho Rural e Alívio da Pobreza Rural em Áreas com Abundancia de Terras em África: Evidência de Moçambique

This paper challenges the conclusions of earlier writers regarding the roles of smallholder agriculture, commercial agriculture, and wage labour in rural poverty alleviation in Mozambique. It reviews literature from across Sub-Saharan Africa and use recently collected household level data sets to place Mozambique within this literature. Results show that, as in the rest of SSA, wage labour earnings are concentrated among the best-off rural smallholders; these earnings increase income inequality rather than reducing it. Results also suggest that the same set of households, who are substantially better-off than others, has tended to gain and maintain access to the “high-wage” end of the labour market over time. Key determinants of access to “high-wage” labour are levels of education and previously accumulated household wealth. Income from wage labour plays a key role lifting out of relative poverty those female-headed households that can obtain it, yet only about one in five such households earns wage income.


Issue Date:
2000
Publication Type:
Working or Discussion Paper
PURL Identifier:
http://purl.umn.edu/56042
Total Pages:
35
JEL Codes:
Q18
Note:
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Directorate of Economics, Republic of Mozambique
Series Statement:
Research Report
41P




 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2017-11-15

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