Does Land Abundance Explain African Institutions?

I show how abundant land and scarce labor shaped African institutions before colonial rule. I present a model in which exogenous suitability of the land for agriculture and endogenously evolving population determine the existence of land rights, slavery, and polygyny. I then use cross-sectional data on pre-colonial African societies to demonstrate that, consistent with the model, the existence of land rights, slavery, and polygyny occurred in those parts of Africa that were the most suitable for agriculture, and in which population density was greatest. Next, I use the model to explain institutions among the Egba of southwestern Nigeria from 1830 to 1914. While many Egba institutions were typical of a land-abundant environment, they sold land and had disputes over it. These exceptions were the result of a period of land scarcity when the Egba first arrived at Abeokuta and of heterogeneity in the quality of land.


Issue Date:
2009-11
Publication Type:
Working or Discussion Paper
PURL Identifier:
http://purl.umn.edu/55707
Total Pages:
62
JEL Codes:
N57; O10
Series Statement:
Economic Growth Center Discussion Paper
981




 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2017-08-25

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