000055111 001__ 55111
000055111 005__ 20180122211624.0
000055111 0247_ $$2Other$$aISSN: 1327-8231
000055111 037__ $$a1741-2016-140496
000055111 041__ $$aen
000055111 245__ $$aSupply-side Policies to Conserve Biodiversity and Save the Orangutan from Oil Palm Expansion: An Economic Assessment
000055111 260__ $$c2008-09
000055111 269__ $$a2008-09
000055111 270__ $$mc.tisdell@economics.uq.edu.au$$pTisdell,   Clement A.
000055111 270__ $$mh.swarnanantha@uq.edu.au$$pSwarna Nantha,   Hemanath
000055111 300__ $$a12
000055111 336__ $$aWorking or Discussion Paper
000055111 490__ $$aEconomics, Ecology and the Environment Working Paper
000055111 490__ $$a151
000055111 520__ $$aTropical forests are biodiversity-rich but are dwindling at a rapid rate, not only in Southeast Asia but elsewhere also. The result is a loss of natural ecosystems, a reduction in carbon sequestration, and increasing global extinction of wild species, including iconic species. While several developments contribute to the destruction of tropical forests, the main threat comes from their clearing for the purpose of agricultural production, for example in the Amazon Basin for the expansion of the beef industry and soya bean cultivation. In Borneo and Sumatra, the principal threat to tropical forests comes from the expansion of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) cultivation. This is expected to result in significant biodiversity loss and is a danger to the continuing existence of the iconic orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus). The preferred route for oil palm expansion is by the conversion of lowland tropical forests to plantations. Lowland tropical forests are the prime habitat of the orangutan and this species is especially at risk as a result of oil palm expansion. Two supply-side policies have been suggested in the literature as ways to reduce this expansion and reduce pressure on species such as the orangutan. It has been recommended that Imperata cylindrica grasslands be used to help accommodate future oil palm expansion in Borneo and Sumatra and that emphasis be placed on raising the yield of oil palms. It is hypothesised that this will reduce the demand for clearing tropical forest for the purpose of oil palm expansion. Both of these hypotheses are critically evaluated by means of economic analysis. It is concluded that neither of these policies are likely to be very effective in reducing the clearing of tropical forests in Borneo and Sumatra in order to grow oil palm.
000055111 542__ $$fLicense granted by Clem Tisdell (c.tisdell@economics.uq.edu.au) on 2009-11-19T04:01:27Z (GMT):

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000055111 650__ $$aEnvironmental Economics and Policy
000055111 650__ $$aLand Economics/Use
000055111 6531_ $$aOil Palm
000055111 6531_ $$aBorneo
000055111 6531_ $$aOrangutan
000055111 6531_ $$aconservation
000055111 700__ $$aTisdell, Clement A.
000055111 700__ $$aSwarna Nantha, Hemanath
000055111 8564_ $$s111497$$uhttp://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/55111/files/WP%20151.pdf
000055111 887__ $$ahttp://purl.umn.edu/55111
000055111 909CO $$ooai:ageconsearch.umn.edu:55111$$pGLOBAL_SET
000055111 912__ $$nSubmitted by Clem Tisdell (c.tisdell@economics.uq.edu.au) on 2009-11-19T04:14:53Z
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000055111 982__ $$gUniversity of Queensland>School of Economics>Economics, Ecology and Environment Working Papers
000055111 980__ $$a1741