Economic Impacts of Brazilian Indirect Tax Reduction: An analysis of the competitiveness within MERCOEURO

The objective of this paper is to determine the effects of the creation of MERCOEURO stemming from an indirect tax reduction in the Brazilian economy. Four different scenarios were analyzed taking into account the elimination of tariffs on imports among the member countries in the MERCOEURO agreement and a 10% reduction in the indirect taxes on the final consumption, on intermediary inputs, and on sectors production. Simulations are run using GTAPinGAMS with the GTAP database version 6.0. The creation of the MERCOEURO generated significant results mainly in the agribusiness sector. A reduction in the indirect taxes on final consumption and over the intermediate inputs improve the competition and generate gains in growth, welfare, and government revenue. However, the scenario that reduces the indirect taxes on the Brazilian sectors production cannot increase competition, even though there are positive changes in indicators of growth and welfare. The scenarios generate increased competitiveness, growth variations between 0.05% and 0.19%, with gains in welfare ranging from US$ 2.26 billions and US$ 3.20 billions.

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Working or Discussion Paper
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JEL Codes:
F13; F15; C68; H20
Series Statement:
Working Papers in Applied Economics
WP - 01/2008

 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2018-01-22

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