000046994 001__ 46994
000046994 005__ 20180122210438.0
000046994 037__ $$a1778-2016-141737
000046994 041__ $$aen
000046994 084__ $$aQ57
000046994 084__ $$aQ27
000046994 084__ $$aC61
000046994 084__ $$aF13
000046994 260__ $$c2009
000046994 269__ $$a2009
000046994 270__ $$mrepa@uvic.ca$$pAbbott,   Brant
000046994 270__ $$mrepa@uvic.ca$$pvan Kooten,   G. Cornelis
000046994 300__ $$a37
000046994 336__ $$aWorking or Discussion Paper
000046994 490__ $$aREPA Working Paper
000046994 490__ $$a2009-01
000046994 520__ $$aTigers are a threatened species that might soon disappear in the wild. Not only are tigers threatened by deteriorating and declining habitat, but poachers continue to kill tigers for traditional medicine, decoration pieces and so on. Although international trade in tiger products has been banned since 1987 and domestic trade within China since 1993, tigers continue to be poached and Chinese entrepreneurs have established tiger farms in anticipation of their demise. While China desires to permit sale of tiger products from captive-bred tigers, this is opposed on the grounds that it likely encourages illegal killing. Instead, wildlife conservationists lobby for more spending on anti-poaching and trade-ban enforcement. In this study, a mathematical bioeconomic model is used to investigate the issue. Simulation results indicate that, unless range states are characterized by institutions (rule of law, low corruption) similar to those found in the richest countries, reliance on enforcement alone is insufficient to guarantee survival of wild tigers. Likewise, even though conservation payments could protect wild tigers, the inability to enforce contracts militates against this. Our model indicates that wild tigers can be protected by permitting sale of products from tiger farms, although this likely requires the granting of an exclusive license to sellers. Finally, it is possible to tradeoff enforcement effort and sale of products from captive-bred animals, but such tradeoffs are worsened by deteriorating tiger habitat.
000046994 542__ $$fLicense granted by Linda Voss (repa@uvic.ca) on 2009-01-22T19:25:48Z (GMT):

<center>  <h2> Deposit Agreement </h2> </center>
I represent that I am the creator of the digital material identified herein (&ldquo;Work&rdquo;).
I represent that the work is original and that I either own all rights of copyright 
or have the right to deposit the copy in a digital archive such as AgEcon Search. 
I represent that in regard to any non-original material included in the Work I have
secured written permission of the copyright owner (s) for this use or believe this 
use is allowed by law. I further represent that I have included all appropriate 
credits and attributions. I hereby grant the Regents of the University of Minnesota
(&ldquo;University&rdquo;), through AgEcon Search, a non-exclusive right to access, reproduce, 
and distribute the Work, in whole or in part, for the purposes of security, preservation,
and perpetual access. I grant the University a limited, non-exclusive right to make
derivative works for the purpose of migrating the Work to other media or formats in
order to preserve access to the Work. I do not transfer or intend to transfer any 
right of copyright or other intellectual property to the University. If the Deposit 
Agreement is executed by the Author�s Representative, the Representative shall separately
execute the following representation: I represent that I am authorized by the Author
to execute this Deposit Agreement on behalf of the Author.

000046994 650__ $$aEnvironmental Economics and Policy
000046994 6531_ $$aendangered species
000046994 6531_ $$aextinction
000046994 6531_ $$awildlife farming and bioeconomics
000046994 700__ $$aAbbott, Brant
000046994 700__ $$avan Kooten, G. Cornelis
000046994 8564_ $$s317113$$uhttp://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/46994/files/WorkingPaper2009-01.pdf
000046994 887__ $$ahttp://purl.umn.edu/46994
000046994 909CO $$ooai:ageconsearch.umn.edu:46994$$pGLOBAL_SET
000046994 912__ $$nSubmitted by Linda Voss (repa@uvic.ca) on 2009-01-22T19:32:35Z
No. of bitstreams: 1
WorkingPaper2009-01.pdf: 317113 bytes, checksum: 4f7f4afd09f453167f33c6c1ed781d60 (MD5)
000046994 912__ $$nMade available in DSpace on 2009-01-22T19:32:36Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1
WorkingPaper2009-01.pdf: 317113 bytes, checksum: 4f7f4afd09f453167f33c6c1ed781d60 (MD5)
  Previous issue date: 2009
000046994 982__ $$gUniversity of Victoria>Resource Economics and Policy Analysis Research Group>Working Papers
000046994 980__ $$a1778