Is There a Link between the Changing Skills of Labor Used in U.S. Processed Food Trade and Rural Employment?

Between the 1970s and the 1990s, processed food exports switched from using more skilled labor per unit of output than imports to the opposite. Processed food trade also expanded during this period. More meat and poultry products in processed food trade could explain this switch in skill intensity. Growing meat trade paralleled an urban-to-rural shift in meat processing. Although this could have been a win-win situation for rural areas, many of the jobs related to expanded meat trade benefited commuter and migrant workers because late-1990s jobs slaughtering livestock and processing meat did not appeal to domestic rural workers.


Issue Date:
2004-12
Publication Type:
Journal Article
PURL Identifier:
http://purl.umn.edu/43465
Published in:
Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Volume 36, Number 3
Page range:
691-703
Total Pages:
13
JEL Codes:
C67; D24; F14; F16; J61; L66; O18; Q17; R15




 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2017-08-25

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