Reinventing Regulation of Agriculture: Alternative Performance Standards for Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations

Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) are point sources of pollution and require Clean Water Act permits. The 2003 regulations allow Large CAFOs to propose alternative performance standards (APS) that offer equivalent or better environmental performance than the baseline technology. Principal obstacles to APS success include the complexities of demonstrating superior performance, cost uncertainties for obtaining approval, CAFO risks of participation, intra-organizational barriers of permitting agencies, and potential lawsuits brought by environmental groups. Despite obstacles, APS offers potential for technology innovations and reduced environmental compliance costs.


Issue Date:
2004-08
Publication Type:
Journal Article
PURL Identifier:
http://purl.umn.edu/43344
Published in:
Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Volume 36, Number 2
Page range:
277-286
Total Pages:
10
JEL Codes:
L51; Q51; Q52; Q53; Q55; Q58




 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2017-08-25

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