Farm Employment, Immigration, and Poverty: A Structural Analysis

This study tests for structural change in the poverty-farm employment relationship between 1980 and 1990. Econometric findings from a partially simultaneous block triangular regression model estimated with census data reveal a circular relationship between farm employment and immigration that was associated with a significant decrease in the number of people in impoverished U.S. households in 1980. However, in 1990, the farm employment-poverty relationship reversed: an additional farm job was associated with an increase in poverty. Our findings suggest immigration to fill low-skilled farm jobs is transferring poverty from rural Mexico to communities in the United States.


Issue Date:
2003-08
Publication Type:
Journal Article
PURL Identifier:
http://purl.umn.edu/31095
Published in:
Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Volume 28, Number 2
Page range:
349-363
Total Pages:
15




 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2017-08-24

Fulltext:
Download fulltext
PDF

Rate this document:

Rate this document:
1
2
3
 
(Not yet reviewed)