Welfare Reform in Agricultural California

When welfare reforms were enacted in 1996, a higher than average percentage of residents in the agricultural heartland of California, the San Joaquin Valley, received cash assistance. Average annual unemployment rates during the 1990s ranged from 12% to 20%, and 15% to 20% of residents in major farming counties received cash benefits. This analysis develops and estimates a two-equation cross-sectionally correlated and timewise autoregressive model to test the hypothesis that in agricultural areas, seasonal work, low earnings, and high unemployment, as well as few entry-level jobs that offer wages and benefits equivalent to welfare benefits, promote welfare use and limit the potential of local labor markets to absorb ex-welfare recipients.


Subject(s):
Issue Date:
2003-04
Publication Type:
Journal Article
PURL Identifier:
http://purl.umn.edu/30715
Published in:
Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Volume 28, Number 1
Page range:
169-183
Total Pages:
15




 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2017-11-11

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