Production Efficiency of Poultry Egg (Layer) Production in Chikun and Igabi Local Government Areas of Kaduna State, Nigeria

This study examined production efficiency of poultry egg production in Chikun and Igabi LGAs of Kaduna State, Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling procedure was adopted to select 49 poultry egg producers through the use of structured questionnaire. A Stochastic frontier production functions was used to analyse the technical efficiency (TE), allocative efficiency (AE) and economic efficiency (EE) of egg farmers. The results of the maximum likelihood estimate (MLE) of the stochastic frontier production showed poultry egg farmers recorded technical efficiency of 54%, allocative efficiency of 52% and economic efficiency of 34%. Flock size (p < 0.05) and drug (p < 0.10) significantly influenced poultry egg production while labour, dosage of vaccine and feed were not significant. However, all these variables were significant at (p<0.01) in allocative efficiency model. For the inefficiency model, the result also revealed that educational level (p<0.01), household size (p<0.01) and main occupation (p<0.01) were the socio-economic and institutional factors that significantly increased technical efficiency while farming experience (p<0.01) increased technical inefficiency. The return to scale was 1.18 (increasing returns to scale). The low AE and EE in poultry egg production can be attributed to the inflexible responses of poultry farmers to changes in market prices or to their applying inputs mainly on experience. The study recommended among others that poultry farmer in the study area should create better market information systems for efficient input procurement and output disposal.


Issue Date:
Oct 01 2016
Publication Type:
Journal Article
ISSN:
0794-4748
Language:
English
Published in:
Nigerian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Volume 06, Number 1
Page range:
40-52




 Record created 2018-02-07, last modified 2018-02-08

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