'N VLOEDSKADESIMULASIEMODEL VIR DIE HERBEPLANNING/ - STRUKTURERING VAN 'N VLOEDVLAKTE

In South Africa a start was made, during research into the effects of floods during the seventies to developing a set of flood damage functions based on actual floods. Required follow-up research was not continued during the eighties. For various reasons flood damage, based on actual floods, is underestimated and/or overestimated; a second method for estimating potential flood damages, namely the g ante approach, was followed to compile loss functions based on patential floods. With relationships between the money value of direct flood damage to a damaged item (damage when an item was in physical contact with flood waters) and one or more characteristics of the flood, eg. depth of flood waters, duration of flooding, and the momentum flux of the flood waters, the money value of the direct damage that will be caused by floods of different sizes can be estimated before floods actually occur. This fonns an integral part of flood damage simulation models. A geographic infomiation system (GJS) approach was followed to develop a flood damage simulation model consisting of several interconnected data bases. The GJS model remders ot possible to estimate flood damage from three viewpoints (local, regional and national). Visual representations of the area, two- or three-dimensional, can be obtained on screen or 011 maps. In addition, the advantages of different combinations of flood control and flood damage control measures can be estimated by the GIS model, for example land use management, flood protection, dam management and flood insurance.


Other Titles:
A FLOOD DAMAGE SIMULA11ON MODEL FOR THE REPLANMNGIRESCHEDULA11ON OF A FLOOD PLAN
Issue Date:
1995-12-1995-12-1995-12
Publication Type:
Journal Article
ISSN:
0303-1853
Language:
English
Published in:
Agrekon, Volume 34, Issue 4
Page range:
274-281




 Record created 2018-02-05, last modified 2018-02-06

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