LESSONS FROM THE ECONOMIC HISTORY OF IRRIGATION DEVELOPMENT FOR SMALLHOLDER SETTLEMENT IN SOUTH AFRICA

The processes of both irrigation development and policy fonnulation are influenced by complex interactions and environmental changes. A holistic, systematic description and analysis indicates a gradual shift of emphasis from individual to co-operative to public irrigation schemes. For all schemes, variable availability of water and quality of soil presented limitations. The adaptation of extensive or intensive farming practices, viable saes of fanning units, and unrealistic expectations reflected in high land prices, created problems. Following a learning process, it is clear that attention to marketing opportunities, managerial ability and access to capital must be stressed. These factors must definitely be incorporated in current refonn initiatives for land settlement In the case of small-scale irrigation farming, priority must be given to improved utilization of existing schemes, preceded by feasibility studies and accompanied by investment in human capital. Entrepreneurial initiative in the market process must therefore be supported and facilitated by government authorities.


Other Titles:
LESSE UIT DIE EKONOMIF.SE GF.SKIEDENIS VAN BF.SPROEIINGSONTWIKKEIJNG VIR KLEINBOERVFESTIGING IN SUID-AFRIKA
Issue Date:
1995-12
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Record Identifier:
http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/267835
ISSN:
0303-1853
Language:
English
Published in:
Agrekon, Volume 34, Issue 4
Page range:
167-171




 Record created 2018-02-05, last modified 2018-04-02

Fulltext:
Download fulltext
PDF

Rate this document:

Rate this document:
1
2
3
 
(Not yet reviewed)