THE CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF AGRICULTURAL CHANGE: A CASE STUDY OF AGRICULTURAL COMMERCIALIZATION IN THE COMMUNAL AREAS OF SOUTH AFRICA

This paper analyses the causes and consequences of agricultural change in two regions of the former Bophuthatswana homeland of South Africa. The paper identifies a number of circumstances which provided the set of comprehensive support services which are essential for the development of commercial agriculture, namely the availability of capital; appropriate biological and mechanical technology and the experience to use it; suitable pricing policies and marketing opportunities. The changing rural-urban wage differential; and the demise of traditional institutions as well as the drought of the early 1980s were important factors in the changes described. An important conclusions is that no single factor caused the development of a commercial agriculture, but that a package of prime movers was necessary. The broad consequences of the transformation in agriculture has significance for both those with agricultural resources, as well as those without. One of the most important consequences of the change is the creation of a commercial farming class, and conversely, the creation of two other groups; a group of wage labourers and a group of land right holders who lease out their land.


Issue Date:
1994-12
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Record Identifier:
http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/267735
ISSN:
0303-1853
Language:
English
Published in:
Agrekon, Volume 33, Issue 4
Page range:
275-281




 Record created 2018-02-02, last modified 2018-04-02

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