ADAPTATION PROCESS TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN AGRICULTURE- AN EMPIRICAL STUDY

Climatic variations affect agriculture in a process with no known end means. Adaptations help to reduce the adverse impacts of climate change. Unfortunately, adaptation has never been considered as a process. Current study empirically identified the adaptation process and its different stages. Moreover, little is known about the farm level adaptation strategies and their determinants. The study in hand found farm level adaptation strategies and determinants of these strategies. The study identified three stages of adaptation i.e. perception, intention and adaptation. It was found that 71.4% farmers perceived about climate change, 58.5% intended to adapt while 40.2% actually adapted. The study further explored that farmers do adaptations through changing crop variety (56.3%), changing planting dates (44.6%), tree plantation (37.5%), increase/conserve irrigation (39.3%) and crop diversification (49.2%). The adaptation strategies used by farmers were autonomous and mostly determined perception to climate change. It was also noted that the adaptation strategies move in a circular process and once they are adapted they remained adapted for a longer period of time. Some constraints slow the adaptation process so; we recommend farmers should be given price incentives to speed-up this process.


Issue Date:
Oct 15 2017
Publication Type:
Journal Article
ISSN:
2147-8988
Language:
English
Published in:
tInternational Journal of Food and Agricultural Economics (IJFAEC), Volume 05, Number 4
Page range:
81-98
JEL Codes:
O13 ; Q12 ; Q15 ; Q16




 Record created 2018-01-11, last modified 2018-01-30

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