The Value of achieving Good Environmental Status in the North East Atlantic using Contingent Valuation and Value Transfer

This paper uses a combination of the contingent valuation method (CVM) and value transfer (VT) to estimate the non-market benefit values associated with the achievement of good (marine) environmental status (GES) as specified in the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) for Atlantic member states. The increased use of geographic information systems in VT means that many VT exercises now include spatial elements such as distance decay and population density. This paper explores the impact of distance decay on welfare estimates as well as the impact of the modifiable area unit problem when population density is included as an explanatory variable. These issues can have a large effect on a VT estimate. In this study the overall value for achieving GES for Atlantic member states varied between €2.37 billion and €3.64 billion. It was found that the different distance decay specifications changed values between -3% and 82% with a mean absolute difference of 25% and by adjusting the spatial scale in an effort to overcome the MAUP changed aggregate values between 13% and 25% with a mean of 17%.

Issue Date:
Dec 01 2017
Publication Type:
Working or Discussion Paper
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 Record created 2018-01-09, last modified 2018-01-22

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