Genetic Investment in Dairy Buffalo: A Case Study from Egypt

The limited resources of water and agricultural land and deficit in feed supply for horizontal expansion in Egyptian livestock population, imposed the vertical expansion as the only feasible approach for development. There are evidences that Egypt has comparative advantage in milk production from the Egyptian river buffalo strain. Therefrom, the approach towards increasing the domestic supply of milk is to raise the buffalo milk yield via genetic investment. The study used a field sample survey data to apply a designed dynamic mathematical investment model to evaluate the feasibility of such biological technology for development. The model results in estimating the internal rate of return (IRR) to genetic investment using the semen of selected buffalo sires via artificial insemination. The study estimated the Predicted milk difference of such semen of about 0.425 kg of milk per milking day. The most probable level of IRR was feasible, i.e. 19.71%, as it was above the interest rate for dairy cattle loans (16.0%) and the inflation rate in milk price (10.5%). larger number of services for conception, older age at first calving and longer service period by 10%, would decrease the IRR by 7.51%. Therefore, the reproduction physiology research program should be focused on improvement the dairy buffalo’s reproductive performance. A decrease in feed efficiency by 10% would decrease the IRR by 9%. Therefore, nutrition research program should focus on better and least cost ration plans. Any probable worse economic conditions such as 10% increase in feed costs and price per an inseminating service, with 10% decrease in milk price would decrease IRR by 7%.

Issue Date:
May 01 2017
Publication Type:
Conference Paper/ Presentation
Record Identifier:
Total Pages:
Series Statement:
4th International Conference and Industrial Exhibition on Dairy Science Park (DSP 2017)

 Record created 2018-01-01, last modified 2018-01-22

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