Adoption Pattern of Improved Maize Technology in Northern India: Impact on .Farm Earning and Trade

Maize is the third most important cereal crop in India after rice and wheat. The paper has highlighted the adoption pattern of improved maize technology in the traditional maize growing states, viz. Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, along with its impact on farm earning and trade prospects. Although, the adoption of modern technology by farmers in this region has been low, the impact of these technologies has been found significant. The yield of hybrid cultivars is more than 4 tonne/ha compared to less than 2.5 tonne/ ha from the traditional cultivars during the kharif season. Similarly, during the rabi season, yield from hybrids has been about 6 tonne/ha and from composites, 4 tonne/ha. The unit cost of production has declined considerably, adding to the farm profits, and turning maize more profitable in comparison to its competing crops. On the trade front, the major maize importers in the world are the Asian counties which source it from the distant countries like the USA and Argentina. India being located at a shorter distance can offer transport-cost advantage to these countries. It has been suggested that the adoption of improved technologies and improvement in infrastructure and processing could help farmers realize the benefits of trade liberalization.

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Agricultural Economics Research Review, Volume 17, Conference Number
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 Record created 2017-12-13, last modified 2018-04-02

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