Economic analysis of the link between diet quality and health: Evidence from Kosovo

We analyse the link between diet diversity, which is a proxy of diet quality and health outcomes measured by body-mass index (BMI) in a representative sample of Kosovar adults using household expenditure micro-data. Building on a household model of health production we devise a two-stage empirical strategy to estimate the antecedents of diet diversity and its effect on BMI. Economic factors and demographic characteristics play an important role in the choice of balanced diets. Results from the BMI analysis support the hypothesis that diet diversity is associated with optimal BMI. One standard deviation increase in diet diversity leads to 2.3% increase in BMI of the underweight individuals and to 1.5% reduction in BMI of the obese individuals. The findings have important implications for food security policies aiming at enhancing the public health in Kosovo.


Issue Date:
Jul 01 2017
Publication Type:
Working or Discussion Paper
Language:
English
Total Pages:
36
JEL Codes:
D11; D12; D13; I12; I15
Series Statement:
LEAF AgEcon WP June




 Record created 2017-11-24, last modified 2018-02-09

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