000265336 001__ 265336
000265336 005__ 20181128220730.0
000265336 022__ $$a1496-5208
000265336 037__ $$a1753-2017-2800
000265336 041__ $$aeng
000265336 245__ $$aApplication of the Theory of Contracts to Open Skies Agreements in Air Transport
000265336 260__ $$c2017-07
000265336 269__ $$a2017-07
000265336 336__ $$aJournal Article
000265336 520__ $$aThe spat between the three United States carriers – American, Delta and United Airlines on the one hand and the carriers of the United Arab Emirates on the other — where the former accused the latter of unfair practices buffered by state aid and allegedly practiced under an open skies agreement between the United States and UAE - brought to bear a global inquiry on whether an open skies agreement which gave unlimited rights on market access could result in the erosion of the “ equality of opportunity” to compete embodied in the Chicago Convention. The U.S. carriers alleged that the UAE carriers received zero-interest loans from the UAE government with no arrangements for repayment; grants of land which could be regarded as subsidies; development of massive airports, built and paid for by the state, and very cheap rent facilities and landing charges; low labour rates because the home state bans unions; and low personal and corporate tax rates to promote the growth of business.2 The UAE carriers countered that they had not received subsidies and were not operating into and out of the United States with undercut pricing and therefore were within their rights under the agreement. The 2016 award of the Nobel Prize in economics to two economists for their Theory of Contracts highlights the significance of the theory in its application to open skies agreements, which this article analyses in some detail.
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000265336 546__ $$aEnglish
000265336 650__ $$aInstitutional and Behavioral Economics
000265336 650__ $$aResearch and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies
000265336 6531_ $$aChicago Convention
000265336 6531_ $$acompetition
000265336 6531_ $$aequality of opportunity
000265336 6531_ $$aopen skies
000265336 6531_ $$aPareto optimal contract
000265336 6531_ $$aTheory of Contracts
000265336 700__ $$aAbeyratne, Ruwantissa
000265336 773__ $$j 18$$k 2$$o141$$q126$$tEstey Journal of International Law and Trade Policy
000265336 8560_ $$fweidm015@umn.edu
000265336 8564_ $$s139185$$uhttp://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/265336/files/abeyratne18-2lay.pdf
000265336 8564_ $$s1548823$$uhttp://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/265336/files/abeyratne18-2lay.pdf?subformat=pdfa$$xpdfa
000265336 909CO $$ooai:ageconsearch.umn.edu:265336$$pGLOBAL_SET
000265336 980__ $$a1753