MARKUP AND PRODUCT DIFFERENTIATION IN THE GERMAN BREWING SECTOR

In this paper we provide a method to separate the markup from product differentiation from other sources of market power, i.e. collusive behavior or market intransparency, based on the estimation of a single reduced form equation. We apply this method to a sample of 118 German breweries, since beer is a differentiated product and at the same time the sector has repeatedly been subject to collusive behavior. Our empirical results show that the “general” markup goes beyond the markup from product differentiation, but the latter accounts for most of the deviation of prices from marginal costs. Moreover, typically for a market with monopolistic competition, we observe average costs above marginal costs and, hence, a high markup does not necessarily translate into a high a profit margin.


Issue Date:
Aug 15 2017
Publication Type:
Conference Paper/ Presentation
Language:
English
Total Pages:
11




 Record created 2017-08-21, last modified 2017-08-23

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