FIELD PERFORMANCE OF TISSUE-CULTURED GIANT CAVENDISH BANANA (MUSA AAA GROUP) UNDER DIFFERENT FERTILIZER, NEMATICIDE AND PLANTING TREATMENTS ON ST. CROIX, V.I.

The feasibility of using imported propagules of Giant Cavendish Banana for field production is described. Best yield of 28.2 t ha-1 or 245, 070 fruits ha-1 in the plant were obtained with chicken manure at 3.5kg plant-1 without any nematicide. In the 1st Ratoon crop overall production was better with a maximum yield of 37.1 t ha-1 or 272,181 fruits ha-1 in plots treated with chicken manure and Ternik 10%G at 84g plant-1. Use of tissue culture material apparently did not increase crop production time with plants requiring 285 days from planting to flowering and an additional 75 days to harvesting. Both vegetative and fruiting characteristics of plants were very uniform with no apparent variability. Soil assays showed significant absence of the burrowing nematode and yield data indicated that nematicide application may not be required until the first ratoon crop. In comparison with plants produced from traditional suckers, tissue cultured plants had thicker pseudostems more leaves and produced heavier bunches (16kg vs. 12kg) with more fruits per bunch (127 vs. 101). ----- Se describe la viabilidad de la utilizacid'n de propagulos irnportados de banano del tipo Giant Cavendish para la produccidn de campo. Se obtuvo el mejor rendimiento de 28,2 t/ha 0 245 070 frutos/ha, usando la gallinaza en una relaci6n de 3,5 kg/planta sin nematicida. En la primera cosecha de retoilos, se obtuvo una producci6n global mejor . un rendimiento maximum de 37,1 t/ha 0 272 818 frutos/ha en los semilleros tratados con gallinaza y Temik 10%G en una relaci6n de 84 g/planta, EI uso de culitvos de tejido no parecia mejorar la duraci6n de produccion del cultivo, puesto que las plantas necesitaron un perlodo de 285 dias desde la plantaci6n hasta la f1oraci6n, y unos 75 Mas mas hasta la cosecha, Las caracteristicas vegetativas y fructlferas permanecieron uniformes sin variacion aparente, Los ensayos del suelo presentaron una ausencia significante del nematodo horadador; y los datos sobre el rendimiento indicaron que la aplica.ci6n de la nematicida no seria necesaria hasta la primera cosecha de Il~t01tOS. Cornparadas con las plantas producidas de retoiios tradicionales, les plantas producidas de cultivos de tejido tenian seudocabezas mas gruesas y mas hojas; y produjeron racimos mas grandes (16 kg contra 12 kg), con mas frutos pOI racimo (127 contra 101).


Issue Date:
Sep 08 1985
Publication Type:
Conference Paper/ Presentation
Language:
English
Total Pages:
5




 Record created 2017-08-03, last modified 2017-08-29

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