000259508 001__ 259508
000259508 005__ 20181128232033.0
000259508 022__ $$a1993-3681
000259508 037__ $$a683-2017-976
000259508 041__ $$aeng
000259508 084__ $$a I32
000259508 084__ $$a E21
000259508 084__ $$a O12
000259508 245__ $$aNon-farm Enterprises in Rural Ethiopia: improving Livelihoods by Generating Income and Smoothing Consumption?
000259508 260__ $$c2017
000259508 269__ $$a2017-05-01
000259508 336__ $$aJournal Article
000259508 500__ $$a: Improving Livelihoods by Generating Income and Smoothing Consumption?
000259508 520__ $$aIn developing countries highly dependent on agriculture, non-farm enterprises (NFEs) are often lauded as income diversification opportunities, helping to smooth income in the farming off-seasons. Using data from the first wave of the Ethiopia Socioeconomic Survey (ESS), a nationally representative survey of rural and small town Ethiopia, we explore the role NFEs play in seasonal income generation, consumption smoothing, and risk mitigation. We find that NFEs are in fact pro-cyclical with agriculture, with the most productive months of NFE operation coinciding with the harvest season and crop sales. This procyclicality appears to be driven by demand-side factors, where increases in community income through crop sales generate higher demand for NFE goods and services. We also find no evidence that households operating NFEs are better able to ward off incidence or duration of food insecurity in the face of shocks, suggesting NFEs do not insure temporally vulnerable households against risks.
000259508 542__ $$fBy depositing this Content ('Content') in AgEcon Search, I agree that  I am solely responsible for any consequences of uploading this Content to AgEcon Search and making it publicly available, and I represent and warrant that: I am either the sole creator and the owner of the copyrights and all other rights in the Content; or, without obtaining another’s permission, I have the right to deposit the Content in an archive such as AgEcon Search. To the extent that any portions of the Content are not my own creation, they are used with the copyright holder’s express permission or as permitted by law. Additionally, the Content does not infringe the copyrights or other intellectual property rights of another, nor does the Content violate any laws or another’s rights of privacy or publicity. The Content contains no restricted, private, confidential, or otherwise protected data or information that should not be publicly shared. I understand that AgEcon Search will do its best to provide perpetual access to my Content. In order to support these efforts, I grant the Regents of the University of Minnesota ('University'), through AgEcon Search, the following non-exclusive, irrevocable, royalty-free, world-wide rights and licenses: to access, reproduce, distribute and publicly display the Content, in whole or in part, in order to secure, preserve and make it publicly available, and to make derivative works based upon the Content in order to migrate the Content to other media or formats, or to preserve its public access. These terms do not transfer ownership of the copyright(s) in the Content. These terms only grant to the University the limited license outlined above.
000259508 546__ $$aEnglish
000259508 650__ $$aAgricultural and Food Policy
000259508 650__ $$aCommunity/Rural/Urban Development
000259508 650__ $$aFarm Management
000259508 650__ $$aFood Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety
000259508 6531_ $$aLSMS
000259508 6531_ $$anon-farm enterprises
000259508 6531_ $$aincome diversification
000259508 6531_ $$aEthiopia
000259508 700__ $$a Kowalski,Julia
000259508 700__ $$aLipcan, Alina 
000259508 700__ $$aMcIntosh, Katie 
000259508 700__ $$aSmida, Remy 
000259508 700__ $$aSørensen, Signe Jung 
000259508 700__ $$aSeff, Ilana 
000259508 700__ $$aJolliffe, Dean 
000259508 720__ $$aTadele Ferede $$eeditor
000259508 720__ $$aAbu Girma $$eeditor
000259508 720__ $$aGetnet Alemu $$eeditor
000259508 720__ $$aDemirew Getachew $$eeditor
000259508 773__ $$j 25$$k 2$$o204$$q171$$tEthiopian Journal of Economics
000259508 8560_ $$felale2001@gmail.com
000259508 8564_ $$s686929$$uhttp://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/259508/files/Nonfarm%20Enterprises%20in%20Rural%20Ethiopia.pdf
000259508 909CO $$ooai:ageconsearch.umn.edu:259508$$pGLOBAL_SET
000259508 980__ $$a683