000259073 001__ 259073
000259073 005__ 20180123010804.0
000259073 037__ $$a1879-2017-1693
000259073 041__ $$aeng
000259073 260__ $$c2016
000259073 269__ $$a2016-10-10
000259073 300__ $$a33
000259073 336__ $$aReport
000259073 490__ $$aFSP Research Paper 23
000259073 520__ $$aRural Malians who grow dryland crops depend on sorghum as a primary food staple. Achieving major gains in national sorghum yields in the complex and variable sorghum environments of Mali has been challenging despite steady advances in sorghum research.     Since 2000, Mali’s sorghum research program has shifted from formal plant breeding with a state-managed seed system (FPB-S) toward a more participatory approach with on-farm tests and trials, and decentralized seed supply managed by local farmer associations (PPB-F). Recently, the program released the first Guinea-race sorghum hybrids developed in Mali, based largely on germplasm of local landraces. Of the five races of sorghum grown in Africa South of the Sahara, the Guinea race dominates the West African Savanna, where most of Africa’s sorghum is produced.  Aside from photoperiod sensitivity, the defining traits of the Guinea race are the shape of the grain and the fact that the grains turn inside the glumes at maturity, leaving open glumes and lax panicles that help to mitigate grain damage from insects and mold. 
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000259073 546__ $$aEnglish
000259073 650__ $$aAgricultural and Food Policy
000259073 650__ $$aFood Security and Poverty
000259073 650__ $$aInternational Development
000259073 6531_ $$aMali
000259073 6531_ $$aSorghum
000259073 700__ $$aKergna, Alpha
000259073 700__ $$aSmale, Melinda
000259073 700__ $$aAssima, Amidou
000259073 700__ $$aDiallo, Abdoulaye
000259073 700__ $$aWeltzien, Eva
000259073 700__ $$aRattunde, Fred
000259073 8560_ $$ffsp@msu.edu
000259073 8564_ $$s916376$$uhttp://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/259073/files/FSP%20Research%20Paper%2023.pdf
000259073 909CO $$ooai:ageconsearch.umn.edu:259073$$pGLOBAL_SET
000259073 980__ $$a1879