Systèmes d'élevages bovins à la Martinique : Relation avec les productions végétales

46 % des agriculteurs Martiniquais élèvent des bovins, 50 % pratiquent des cultures maraîchères, ces productions sont souvent associées. Le CEMAGREF met en place un programme d'étude des systèmes d'élevage qui ne peut pas être conduit indépendamment de celle des systèmes d'exploitation en général. La phase exploratoire du programme a aussi permis d'appréhender les relations entre l'élevage et les productions végétales à différents niveaux : l'espace, la main d' oeuvre et la valorisation des sous produits. Ces relations ont été étudiées en fonction du mode de conduite des animaux. Le pâturage libre est le moins exigeant en main d'oeuvre. Le pâturage au piquet est souvent en concurrence spatiale avec les cultures. Le zéro pâturage vise souvent la production de fumier. ----- In Martinique, 46 % of the farmers are cattle breeders and 50% grow vegetable. These 2 productions are often found on the same farms. The CEMAGREF of Martinique has been implementing a cattle husbandry system research. Such a study cannot be carried out place without taking into account farming system as a whole. The exploraty phase of the research has pointed out some c~mnections between cattle breeding and cropping in relation with the grazing systems : labour use, land use and by product use. Free grazing requiests little labour. Tethering is often in competition with cropping for land use. Zero grazing often aims to manure production. 3 main groups of cattle husbandry system have been identified. - The traditional cattle breeders (the main group) give a little attention to their few cattle whose production is limited. - The modernized cattle breeders are close to the formers : small herds ( <l O heads), grazing of tied-up animais and Creole race but they use modern technics, the production level his higher. - The big breeders (the Jess numerous group) own largest herds. It is among the modernized cattle breeders that the closest relationship between cattle breeding and cropping has been noticed.


Other Titles:
Livestock systems in Martinique : Relationship with crops
Issue Date:
Jul 31 1994
Publication Type:
Conference Paper/ Presentation
Language:
French
Total Pages:
13




 Record created 2017-07-10, last modified 2017-08-29

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