Water Markets and Third Party Effects

We examine the potential effects of water trading on aggregate welfare and income distribution across the agricultural and service sector of a small rural economy. We show that per capita welfare (real income) of agents in the region increase with increased water trading. Not surprisingly, if enough agents leaves the region (income flight), nominal income can fall. If the share of household income spent on services is large (small) relative to the cost share of services in agricultural production, then the service price increases (decreases) with increased water trading. Typically when the service price falls (increases) farmers win (lose), service providers lose (win) and agricultural service providers almost always lose. Thus, a natural conflict emerges between farming and service sector stakeholders.

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Conference Paper/ Presentation
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JEL Codes:
Q25; Q28; R0
Series Statement:
Contributed Paper

 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2018-01-21

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