Social transfers in rural China: Do they contribute to poverty reduction?

In order to combat absolute poverty in rural China, the “Rural Minimum Living Standard System” was launched nationally in 2007. The program provides direct monetary transfers to rural households living below the poverty line. A recent research project working with a sample of around 5000 households found that monetary transfers were being misallocated to a considerable extent, which greatly reduced the effectiveness of the program: 89 percent of the recipient households were not eligible according to their (reported) income while 79 percent of households assessed to be eligible according to their reported income were unable to receive the necessary assistance. Qualitative investigations revealed that these misallocations were often caused by a lack of human resources among local administrations within structurally weak regions. Additional financial aid provided by the central government towards the cost of the program's implementation could lead to considerable improvement in targeting, i.e. the identification of households eligible to receive transfers. However, due to an inability to accurately measure and document income, the implementation of a closely supervised system such as those found in central Europe does not appear to be suitable in the near future. In the mid-term, a step by step replacement of social transfers with health and pension benefits should be discussed in order to alleviate the high administrative cost engendered by targeting based on income.


Variant title:
Sozialhilfe im ländlichen China: Trägt sie zur Armutsreduktion bei?
Issue Date:
2017
Publication Type:
Report
DOI and Other Identifiers:
Print-ISSN 2363-5800 (Other)
Print-ISBN 978-3-95992-032-2 (Other)
Online-ISSN 2363-5797 (Other)
Online-ISBN 978-3-95992-033-9 (Other)
PURL Identifier:
http://purl.umn.edu/253395
Total Pages:
4
Series Statement:
IAMO Policy Brief
31




 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2017-08-29

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