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000251835 041__ $$aen_US
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000251835 084__ $$aD40
000251835 084__ $$aL66
000251835 084__ $$aR32
000251835 084__ $$aI3
000251835 245__ $$aDoes a Nutritious Diet Cost More in Food Deserts?
000251835 260__ $$c2016-12
000251835 269__ $$a2016-12
000251835 270__ $$mlfan3@illinois.edu$$pFan,   Linlin
000251835 300__ $$a46
000251835 336__ $$aConference Paper/ Presentation
000251835 520__ $$aFood deserts and their potential effects on diet and nutrition have received much attention from
policymakers. While some research has found a correlation between food deserts and consumer
outcomes, it is unclear whether food deserts truly affect consumer choices. In this article, we
compare food prices in food deserts, defined as low-income, low-access census tracts, and nonfood
deserts to observe whether and to what extent consumers face higher prices for a complete
diet in food deserts. If a nutritionally complete diet costs significantly more in food deserts,
resident consumers may be constrained from consuming healthier foods. We use data on storelevel
sales from a nationally representative sample and calculate a census-tract level Exact Price
Index (EPI) based on a food basket defined by the Thrifty Food Plan (TFP). The EPI addresses
potential biases from both product heterogeneity and variety availability. We have three central
findings. First, prices for common foods are not significantly different between food deserts and
non-food deserts. Second, after controlling for differential access to food variety, we find that the
EPI in food deserts is 3% to 5% higher than similar census tracts with more store access and 4%
higher than low-access census tracts with higher income. Third, the higher EPI in food deserts is
largely driven by the lack of supermarkets nearby.
000251835 542__ $$fLicense granted by Linda Eells (lle@umn.edu) on 2016-12-28T15:53:38Z (GMT):

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000251835 650__ $$aFood Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety
000251835 650__ $$aFood Security and Poverty
000251835 6531_ $$afood deserts
000251835 6531_ $$afood price
000251835 6531_ $$aprice indices
000251835 6531_ $$aproduct variety
000251835 6531_ $$anutritious diet
000251835 700__ $$aFan, Linlin
000251835 700__ $$aBaylis, Kathy
000251835 700__ $$aGundersen, Craig
000251835 700__ $$aVer Ploeg, Michele
000251835 773__ $$d2017
000251835 8564_ $$s875366$$uhttp://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/251835/files/Does%20a%20Nutritious%20Diet%20Cost%20More%20in%20Food%20Deserts.pdf
000251835 887__ $$ahttp://purl.umn.edu/251835
000251835 909CO $$ooai:ageconsearch.umn.edu:251835$$qGLOBAL_SET
000251835 912__ $$nSubmitted by Linda Eells (lle@umn.edu) on 2016-12-28T16:00:58Z
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  Previous issue date: 2016-12
000251835 982__ $$gAgricultural and Applied Economics Association>2017 Allied Social Sciences Association (ASSA) Annual Meeting, January 6-8, 2017, Chicago, Illinois
000251835 980__ $$a334