000025023 001__ 25023
000025023 005__ 20180122202910.0
000025023 037__ $$a1557-2016-132845
000025023 041__ $$aen
000025023 245__ $$aThe Economic Value of Patents, Licenses, and Plant Variety Protection
000025023 260__ $$c1996
000025023 269__ $$a1996
000025023 300__ $$a18
000025023 336__ $$aWorking or Discussion Paper
000025023 446__ $$aEnglish
000025023 490__ $$aCUDARE Working Paper 797
000025023 520__ $$aWhile biotechnology creates new opportunities for agriculture, developments are impeded by confusion in the system for awarding intellectual property rights (IPRs) over agro-biotechnological innovations.  An intelligent redesign IPR system requires attention to how the definition of rights interacts with the market environment, generating incentives to create value.  A distinction is drawn between cost-reducing innovations that increase the efficiency of producing homogeneous outputs and value-adding innovations that create entirely new types of differentiated outputs.  A reform is proposed that would require the mandatory sublicensing of genes and certain core enabling technologies for creating genetically altered organisms.
000025023 650__ $$aResearch and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies
000025023 6531_ $$aAgriculture
000025023 6531_ $$aBiotechnology
000025023 6531_ $$aIntellectual Property
000025023 6531_ $$aMarket structure
000025023 700__ $$aRausser, Gordon C.
000025023 700__ $$aSmall, Arthur A.
000025023 8564_ $$s607418$$uhttp://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/25023/files/wp960797.pdf
000025023 887__ $$ahttp://purl.umn.edu/25023
000025023 909CO $$ooai:ageconsearch.umn.edu:25023$$pGLOBAL_SET
000025023 912__ $$nMade available in DSpace on 2007-03-07T19:29:34Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1
wp960797.pdf: 607418 bytes, checksum: 5236acbf173a671e6cd3d657e7d6c88d (MD5)
  Previous issue date: 1996
000025023 982__ $$gUniversity of California, Berkeley>Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics>CUDARE Working Papers
000025023 980__ $$a1557