000235111 001__ 235111
000235111 005__ 20180123004125.0
000235111 037__ $$a333-2016-14541
000235111 041__ $$aen_US
000235111 245__ $$aAssociations between Food Scarcity during Pregnancy and Children’s Survival and Linear Growth in Zambia
000235111 260__ $$c2016
000235111 269__ $$a2016
000235111 270__ $$mmaria.foreman@unh.edu$$pJolejole-Foreman,   Maria Christina
000235111 270__ $$miolofin@hsph.harvard.edu$$pOlofin,   Ibironke
000235111 270__ $$mmina@hsph.harvard.edu$$pFawzi,   Wafaie
000235111 270__ $$mgfink@hsph.harvard.edu$$pFink,   Gunther
000235111 300__ $$a24
000235111 336__ $$aConference Paper/ Presentation
000235111 520__ $$aA growing body of literature suggests that in utero exposure to hunger negatively affects children’s survival and linear growth. In this paper, we retrospectively linked data on local agricultural output and household food reserves during the in utero period to children’s health and nutritional status in the first five years of their life. We hypothesized that seasonal variations in agricultural yields and food reserves affect the quantity and diversity of food intake during pregnancy, and that pregnancies during periods with limited food reserves are associated with poorer child health outcomes. We generated a food reserve scarcity index (FRSI) based on reported food stocks at the household level reported in post-harvest surveys from 2001-2007 and estimated associations with child survival, birth size and World Health Organization (WHO) growth Z scores using multivariable regression model. We found negative and statistically significant associations between children’s weight and height Z-scores (WAZ and HAZ) and food scarcity in all trimesters with largest associations for the first and third trimesters. While we found that food scarcity in the second trimester increases children’s mortality risk, food scarcity in early gestation had protective effects on mortality. The results suggest that policies aimed at reducing vulnerability to food scarcity require targeting the vulnerable populations and proper timing of policies. Policy implications encompass two pathways: One is through nutrition such as food aid and supplements; And with the recurrence of food scarcity problem, the second more sustainable solution is through agriculture and extension such as proper food storage.
000235111 542__ $$fLicense granted by Maria Christina Jolejole-Foreman (christinajolejole@gmail.com) on 2016-05-09T16:18:42Z (GMT):

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000235111 650__ $$aFood Security and Poverty
000235111 650__ $$aInternational Development
000235111 6531_ $$aSeasonal food reserves
000235111 6531_ $$aseasonal food scarcity
000235111 6531_ $$aUndernutrition in pregnant women
000235111 6531_ $$achildren survival and linear growth
000235111 700__ $$aJolejole-Foreman, Maria Christina
000235111 700__ $$aOlofin, Ibironke
000235111 700__ $$aFawzi, Wafaie
000235111 700__ $$aFink, Gunther
000235111 773__ $$d2016
000235111 8564_ $$s11176413$$uhttp://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/235111/files/AAEA_PregnancyHunger_0502.pdf
000235111 887__ $$ahttp://purl.umn.edu/235111
000235111 909CO $$ooai:ageconsearch.umn.edu:235111$$pGLOBAL_SET
000235111 912__ $$nSubmitted by Maria Christina Jolejole-Foreman (christinajolejole@gmail.com) on 2016-05-09T16:25:08Z
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  Previous issue date: 2016
000235111 982__ $$gAgricultural and Applied Economics Association>2016 Annual Meeting, July 31-August 2, Boston, Massachusetts
000235111 980__ $$a333