000235111 001__ 235111
000235111 005__ 20180123004125.0
000235111 037__ $$a333-2016-14541
000235111 041__ $$aen_US
000235111 245__ $$aAssociations between Food Scarcity during Pregnancy and Children’s Survival and Linear Growth in Zambia
000235111 260__ $$c2016
000235111 269__ $$a2016
000235111 270__ $$mmaria.foreman@unh.edu$$pJolejole-Foreman,   Maria Christina
000235111 270__ $$miolofin@hsph.harvard.edu$$pOlofin,   Ibironke
000235111 270__ $$mmina@hsph.harvard.edu$$pFawzi,   Wafaie
000235111 270__ $$mgfink@hsph.harvard.edu$$pFink,   Gunther
000235111 300__ $$a24
000235111 336__ $$aConference Paper/ Presentation
000235111 520__ $$aA growing body of literature suggests that in utero exposure to hunger negatively affects children’s survival and linear growth. In this paper, we retrospectively linked data on local agricultural output and household food reserves during the in utero period to children’s health and nutritional status in the first five years of their life. We hypothesized that seasonal variations in agricultural yields and food reserves affect the quantity and diversity of food intake during pregnancy, and that pregnancies during periods with limited food reserves are associated with poorer child health outcomes. We generated a food reserve scarcity index (FRSI) based on reported food stocks at the household level reported in post-harvest surveys from 2001-2007 and estimated associations with child survival, birth size and World Health Organization (WHO) growth Z scores using multivariable regression model. We found negative and statistically significant associations between children’s weight and height Z-scores (WAZ and HAZ) and food scarcity in all trimesters with largest associations for the first and third trimesters. While we found that food scarcity in the second trimester increases children’s mortality risk, food scarcity in early gestation had protective effects on mortality. The results suggest that policies aimed at reducing vulnerability to food scarcity require targeting the vulnerable populations and proper timing of policies. Policy implications encompass two pathways: One is through nutrition such as food aid and supplements; And with the recurrence of food scarcity problem, the second more sustainable solution is through agriculture and extension such as proper food storage.
000235111 542__ $$fLicense granted by Maria Christina Jolejole-Foreman (christinajolejole@gmail.com) on 2016-05-09T16:18:42Z (GMT):

<p class="ds-paragraph">
By depositing this Content ("Content") in AgEcon Search, I agree that I am 
solely responsible for any consequences of uploading this Content to AgEcon 
Search and making it publicly available, and I represent and warrant that:

I am either the sole creator and the owner of the copyrights and all other 
rights in the Content; or, without obtaining another’s permission, I have the 
right to deposit the Content in an archive such as AgEcon Search.

To the extent that any portions of the Content are not my own creation, they 
are used with the copyright holder’s express permission or as permitted by law.
 Additionally, the Content does not infringe the copyrights or other 
intellectual property rights of another, nor does the Content violate any 
laws or another’s rights of privacy or publicity.

The Content contains no restricted, private, confidential, or otherwise 
protected data or information that should not be publicly shared.

I understand that AgEcon Search will do its best to provide perpetual access
 to my Content. In order to support these efforts, I grant the Regents of the
 University of Minnesota ("University"), through AgEcon Search, the following
 non-exclusive, irrevocable, royalty-free, world-wide rights and licenses:

to access, reproduce, distribute and publicly display the Content, in whole
 or in part, in order to secure, preserve and make it publicly available, and

to make derivative works based upon the Content in order to migrate the
 Content to other media or formats, or to preserve its public access.

These terms do not transfer ownership of the copyright(s) in the Content.
 These terms only grant to the University the limited license outlined above.
</p>

000235111 650__ $$aFood Security and Poverty
000235111 650__ $$aInternational Development
000235111 6531_ $$aSeasonal food reserves
000235111 6531_ $$aseasonal food scarcity
000235111 6531_ $$aUndernutrition in pregnant women
000235111 6531_ $$achildren survival and linear growth
000235111 700__ $$aJolejole-Foreman, Maria Christina
000235111 700__ $$aOlofin, Ibironke
000235111 700__ $$aFawzi, Wafaie
000235111 700__ $$aFink, Gunther
000235111 773__ $$d2016
000235111 8564_ $$s11176413$$uhttp://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/235111/files/AAEA_PregnancyHunger_0502.pdf
000235111 887__ $$ahttp://purl.umn.edu/235111
000235111 909CO $$ooai:ageconsearch.umn.edu:235111$$pGLOBAL_SET
000235111 912__ $$nSubmitted by Maria Christina Jolejole-Foreman (christinajolejole@gmail.com) on 2016-05-09T16:25:08Z
No. of bitstreams: 1
AAEA_PregnancyHunger_0502.pdf: 11176413 bytes, checksum: 69891b1495ddc0d5cf0b40d38cddbf52 (MD5)
000235111 912__ $$nMade available in DSpace on 2016-05-09T16:25:08Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1
AAEA_PregnancyHunger_0502.pdf: 11176413 bytes, checksum: 69891b1495ddc0d5cf0b40d38cddbf52 (MD5)
  Previous issue date: 2016
000235111 982__ $$gAgricultural and Applied Economics Association>2016 Annual Meeting, July 31-August 2, Boston, Massachusetts
000235111 980__ $$a333