Have Industrialized Countries Shut the Door and Left the Key Inside? Rethinking the Role of Private Standards in the International Fruit Trade

In recent years, public and private food safety standards in the EU have proliferated and grown stricter while food prices and demand in these markets have been stagnating. The opposite is true for many emerging and transitional countries that are experiencing an increase in purchasing power and demand. However, these countries often have lower food safety standards than in the EU. In response to current trends in international food trade, this study seeks to determine whether traders in developing–transitioning countries and in industrialized European countries (especially Germany), are experiencing changes in trade flows in the international fresh-fruit trade and also identify the role of private standards in connection with relevant situational factors driving these changes. Underlying assumptions are derived from the concepts of the contingency approach. To obtain qualitative data, a series of semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with industry experts from fourteen import countries and twenty-two export companies. Based on the results of a structured content analysis of these interviews, appropriate political, managerial and research implications are developed promoting the liberalization and harmonization of public and private maximum residue levels for fruits within the EU.

Issue Date:
May 02 2016
Publication Type:
Journal Article
DOI and Other Identifiers:
(ISSN #: 1559-2448) (Other)
Record Identifier:
PURL Identifier:
Published in:
International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, Volume 19, Issue 2
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JEL Codes:
The IFAMR is published quarterly my IFAMA. For more information visit: www.ifama.org.
Series Statement:
Volume 19
Issue 2

 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2018-01-23

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