The Impact of Participatory Projects on Social Capital: Evidence from Farmland Consolidation Projects in Japan

Farmland fragmentation can lead to low agricultural productivity. In Japan, one solution is Farmland Consolidation Projects (FCPs), participatory public projects that physically merge and reshape several small plots into one large plot. This paper examines the impact of FCPs on community-level social capital by using propensity score matching. We find that FCPs have a positive impact on agriculture-related bonding social capital and a negative impact on non-agriculture-related bridging social capital. Focusing on the constituent elements of bonding social capital, FCPs have a positive effect on the number of community meetings held, non-agriculture-related organizations for women, and management of common-pool resources. On the other hand, focusing on the constituent elements of bridging social capital, FCPs have a negative effect on holding direct sales of agricultural products and rural experience programs for city residents.

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Conference Paper/ Presentation
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JEL Codes:
O13; Q15

 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2018-01-23

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