The Potential Demand for Giant Clams in Indonesia and their Status: A Report on a Survey of Four Coastal Villages in Bali and Java

This paper examines the status of and the potential demand for giant clams in four coastal villages in Bali and Java, Indonesia. Data were obtained from direct interviews with 228 household heads and completed in the period April-July, 1990 using a standardised questionnaire. It was found that in the areas surveyed, natural stocks of giant clams have been severely depleted due to overexploitation. Results indicate that the demand for giant clam meat by Indonesian coastal dwellers is substantial and coastal dwellers are positively interested in adopting giant clam mariculture both for subsistence, semi-subsistence and for small-scale commercial purposes. However, they have little or no knowledge about this mariculture. Given the favourable attitude of interviewees to clam mariculture, the economics of such mariculture in Indonesia merits further investigation as do suitable farming techniques adapted to the Indonesian situation. In the absence of giant clam mariculture in Indonesia, it is difficult to see how adequate supplies of giant clams for direct use and for traditional industries such as the tile industry can be found and sustained.

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Publication Type:
Working or Discussion Paper
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ISSN: 1034-4294 (Other)
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JEL Codes:
Q57; Q21; Q22
Series Statement:
Research Reports in the Economics of Giant Clam Mariculture

 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2018-01-23

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