Integration in Gasoline and Ethanol Markets in Brazil over Time and Space under the Flex-fuel Technology

We employ a pair-wise approach to analyse regional integration in the gasoline and ethanol markets in Brazil. Using weekly price data for these two fuels at the state level over a period of almost 10 years, we find that more than half of the fuel price differentials are stationary, which reveals the importance of allowing for spatial considerations when testing for market integration. We find that the speed at which prices converge to the long-run equilibrium depends upon the distance between states and the similarity between tax regimes. Other demand and supply factors such as population density, number of gas stations and GDP per capita are not statistically significant.

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Conference Paper/ Presentation
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JEL Codes:
C33; L11; Q43

 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2018-01-23

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