Response of Cowpea (VignaunguiculataL.)Genotypes to Wicth Weed (AlectravogeliiBenth) Infection

A greenhouse pot experiment was conducted at the University of Zimbabwe to screen six cowpea varieties for resistance to Alectravogelii infection. Emergence of A. vogeliiwas first detected 55 days after crop emergence. A. vogeliiemergence was not significantly (P > 0.05) influenced by cowpea genotype. No differences (P > 0.05) in cowpea parameters that were measured were observed among the cowpea genotypes. However, A. vogeliiinfection significantly (P < 0.05) reduced cowpea shoot biomass and pod number by 57 % and 98 %, respectively. Infected cowpeas failed to produce any pods at all with the exception of cowpea cultivar C/83/4/6 and C/85/6/4. A similar trend of results was observed with grain yield. Root biomass was not significantly influenced by A. vogeliiinfection. A. vogelii infected cowpeas had significantly (P < 0.05) higher root /shoot ratio compared to uninfected plants. Based on results on A. vogeliiemergence and cowpea parameters collected in this study, it can be concluded that all the cowpea genotypes evaluated are susceptible to A. vogeliiinfection. However, it can also be concluded that the two pre-released varieties C/83/4/6 and C/85/6/4 are moderately susceptible because they were able to produce grain and should therefore be further evaluated under field conditions.


Issue Date:
2013-09
Publication Type:
Journal Article
DOI and Other Identifiers:
ISSN(P): 2304-1455 (Other)
ISSN(E): 2224-4433 (Other)
Record Identifier:
http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/198243
PURL Identifier:
http://purl.umn.edu/198243
Published in:
Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development, Volume 03, Number 09
Page range:
667-673
Total Pages:
7
Series Statement:
7-296-AJARD, Vol. 3(9)2013-667-673




 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2018-01-22

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