Response of Cowpea (VignaunguiculataL.)Genotypes to Wicth Weed (AlectravogeliiBenth) Infection

A greenhouse pot experiment was conducted at the University of Zimbabwe to screen six cowpea varieties for resistance to Alectravogelii infection. Emergence of A. vogeliiwas first detected 55 days after crop emergence. A. vogeliiemergence was not significantly (P > 0.05) influenced by cowpea genotype. No differences (P > 0.05) in cowpea parameters that were measured were observed among the cowpea genotypes. However, A. vogeliiinfection significantly (P < 0.05) reduced cowpea shoot biomass and pod number by 57 % and 98 %, respectively. Infected cowpeas failed to produce any pods at all with the exception of cowpea cultivar C/83/4/6 and C/85/6/4. A similar trend of results was observed with grain yield. Root biomass was not significantly influenced by A. vogeliiinfection. A. vogelii infected cowpeas had significantly (P < 0.05) higher root /shoot ratio compared to uninfected plants. Based on results on A. vogeliiemergence and cowpea parameters collected in this study, it can be concluded that all the cowpea genotypes evaluated are susceptible to A. vogeliiinfection. However, it can also be concluded that the two pre-released varieties C/83/4/6 and C/85/6/4 are moderately susceptible because they were able to produce grain and should therefore be further evaluated under field conditions.

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Journal Article
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ISSN(P): 2304-1455 (Other)
ISSN(E): 2224-4433 (Other)
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Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development, Volume 03, Number 09
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Series Statement:
7-296-AJARD, Vol. 3(9)2013-667-673

 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2018-01-22

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