000188426 001__ 188426
000188426 005__ 20180122234910.0
000188426 037__ $$a1123-2016-91926
000188426 041__ $$aen_US
000188426 245__ $$aIs the “Livestock Revolution” achievable with smallholder farms located in water stressed areas?  Lessons from a research intervention project in Morocco.
000188426 260__ $$c2011
000188426 269__ $$a2011
000188426 300__ $$a12
000188426 336__ $$aConference Paper/ Presentation
000188426 520__ $$aA significant increase in the global demand of animal products is expected in the near future, because of
evolving food consumption patterns in emerging countries. To fulfil the needs, a “Livestock Revolution”
should occur and it will have to target in priority smallholder farms in developing countries, as they are
the main actors in supply chains of milk and meat. To achieve such an increase in milk yield and live
weight gain within numerous farms, new tools of intervention have to be tested. In fact, in many
developing countries, State services are currently withdrawing from their traditional support to farmers,
and therefore innovative methods should be set-up. They will also require a more responsible implication
of the stakeholders in supply chains, particularly with well organized farmers’ associations. In areas
characterized by water stress and climate change, this should be a top priority issue in the agenda of
agricultural development institutions. As livestock production involves many processes from water to
forage biomass elaboration and dietary rations conceptions, it is generally acknowledged that it
necessitates important volumes of water. In this article, an example of an intervention research is
presented from the Tadla irrigation scheme (centre of Morocco) as an illustration of intensive cattle
production in a context of irrigation in a semi arid region (less than 300 mm of annual rainfall). Results
related to follow-ups of water productivity through cattle farming and trials to increase the average milk
yield per cow are presented. A reflection on the possibilities to use "virtual water" and on the generalisation of such methods to a whole population of dairy farmers in a supply basin (i.e. an irrigation
scheme) is finally developed with its consequences on the economic sustainability of smallholder units.
Thus, a capacity building process is urgently required to upgrade farmers’ performances. This will induce
the adoption of sound on-farm practices, from irrigation systems to soil fertility management and forage
biomass production. It will also rely on the continuous design of balanced dietary rations for lactating cows and their impacts on cattle load (number of cattle per ha of forage). Finally, more attention should be paid to the existing farmers’ co-operatives, which would constitute crucial operators in disseminating innovation processes to face the challenges of water shortage in cattle production systems.
000188426 542__ $$fLicense granted by Mallory Pagel (pagel107@umn.edu) on 2014-11-03T16:32:44Z (GMT):

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000188426 650__ $$aFarm Management
000188426 650__ $$aFood Security and Poverty
000188426 650__ $$aInternational Development
000188426 650__ $$aLivestock Production/Industries
000188426 6531_ $$aanimal production
000188426 6531_ $$aMorocco
000188426 6531_ $$asmallholder farms
000188426 6531_ $$asupport to farmers
000188426 6531_ $$awater productivity
000188426 700__ $$aMohamed Taher, Srairi
000188426 773__ $$d2011
000188426 8564_ $$s1001426$$uhttp://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/188426/files/Is%20the%20_Livestock%20Revolution%20achievable%20with%20smallholder%20farms%20Srai.pdf
000188426 887__ $$ahttp://purl.umn.edu/188426
000188426 909CO $$ooai:ageconsearch.umn.edu:188426$$pGLOBAL_SET
000188426 912__ $$nSubmitted by Mallory Pagel (pagel107@umn.edu) on 2014-11-03T16:41:08Z
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  Previous issue date: 2011
000188426 982__ $$gMoroccan Association of Agricultural Economics>2011 Conference: Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture, December 6-7, 2011, Rabat, Morocco
000188426 980__ $$a1123