000188107 001__ 188107
000188107 005__ 20170828031454.0
000188107 037__ $$a1014-2016-81550
000188107 041__ $$aen_US
000188107 245__ $$aHow do environmental regulations affect investments in biofuel and biofuel R&D?: the case of transgenic trees.
000188107 260__ $$c2010
000188107 269__ $$a2010
000188107 270__ $$pSedjo,   Roger
000188107 300__ $$a15
000188107 336__ $$aConference Paper/ Presentation
000188107 520__ $$aGenetically engineered or transgenic trees can play a major role in providing the
feedstock for an energy sector that relies increasingly on renewable energy. Biomass
energy sources such as wood, both in the form of direct combustion and in the production
of liquid biofuels for transport, are being viewed as a major energy source of the near
future. Worldwide there is a growing emphasis to shift from fossil fuel to renewable
energy sources largely in recognition of the GHG emissions associated with fossil fuels.
The potential exists for customizing trees to provide energy, both as a feedstock for liquid
biofuels and for direct combustion either as raw wood chips or a wood pellets. However,
in the U.S. all transgenic plants, including trees, automatically come under regulation and
must be deregulated if they are to be grown in large commercial operations. Although
there is a process for deregulating transgenic plants through the US Department of
Agriculture – Animal Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) and other government
agencies, the process has become increasingly slow and cumbersome, particularly for
perennial plants including trees. Indeed, it is argued that the obstacles to deregulation
have been increasing. This paper looks at that situation and identifies some of the
elements that contribute to the slowing of the process. It notes some inherent conflicts
and social tradeoffs between a timely deregulation process and concerns about
environmental obstacles given current legal decisions.
000188107 542__ $$fLicense granted by Allison Hasslen (hassl020@umn.edu) on 2014-10-29T17:22:26Z (GMT):

<center>  <h2> Deposit Agreement </h2> </center>
I represent that I am the creator of the digital material identified herein (&ldquo;Work&rdquo;).
I represent that the work is original and that I either own all rights of copyright 
or have the right to deposit the copy in a digital archive such as AgEcon Search. 
I represent that in regard to any non-original material included in the Work I have
secured written permission of the copyright owner (s) for this use or believe this 
use is allowed by law. I further represent that I have included all appropriate 
credits and attributions. I hereby grant the Regents of the University of Minnesota
(&ldquo;University&rdquo;), through AgEcon Search, a non-exclusive right to access, reproduce, 
and distribute the Work, in whole or in part, for the purposes of security, preservation,
and perpetual access. I grant the University a limited, non-exclusive right to make
derivative works for the purpose of migrating the Work to other media or formats in
order to preserve access to the Work. I do not transfer or intend to transfer any 
right of copyright or other intellectual property to the University. If the Deposit 
Agreement is executed by the Author�s Representative, the Representative shall separately
execute the following representation: I represent that I am authorized by the Author
to execute this Deposit Agreement on behalf of the Author.

000188107 650__ $$aAgricultural and Food Policy
000188107 650__ $$aEnvironmental Economics and Policy
000188107 650__ $$aResearch and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies
000188107 6531_ $$aBiotech
000188107 6531_ $$abiofuels
000188107 6531_ $$abiomass
000188107 6531_ $$atransgenetic
000188107 6531_ $$agenetic engineering
000188107 6531_ $$atrees
000188107 6531_ $$aregulations
000188107 6531_ $$alitigation
000188107 6531_ $$aAPHIS
000188107 700__ $$aSedjo, Roger
000188107 773__ $$d2010
000188107 8564_ $$s51161$$uhttp://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/188107/files/Sedjo682.pdf
000188107 887__ $$ahttp://purl.umn.edu/188107
000188107 909CO $$ooai:ageconsearch.umn.edu:188107$$qGLOBAL_SET
000188107 912__ $$nSubmitted by Allison Hasslen (hassl020@umn.edu) on 2014-10-29T17:28:12Z
No. of bitstreams: 1
Sedjo682.pdf: 51161 bytes, checksum: 351b8c2a6afc833d3f5d6e4b3faeae62 (MD5)
000188107 912__ $$nMade available in DSpace on 2014-10-29T17:28:12Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1
Sedjo682.pdf: 51161 bytes, checksum: 351b8c2a6afc833d3f5d6e4b3faeae62 (MD5)
  Previous issue date: 2010
000188107 982__ $$gInternational Consortium on Applied Bioeconomy Research (ICABR)>14th ICABR Conference, June 16-18, 2010, Ravello, Italy
000188107 980__ $$a1014