Reestructuración del Sector Agrario1 en Chile 1975-2010: entre el proteccionismo del Estado y el modelo económico neoliberal

In the period from 1975 to 2010, the development model of Chilean agriculture has been a paradigm of growth based on a significant change of farming, which produces a shift towards non-traditional productions for export as the basis of economic growth. Economic restructuring in the mid-seventies imposed a neoliberal economic model that fostered those productive activities with capabilities to trade products in international markets. These are, in particular, non-traditional agricultural products, such as fruit sector and forest industry (mainly wood and pulp). The Chilean fruit paradigm worked on a high level of debt with banks and excessive power concentration in large buyers (especially US markets). The model was successful while it was high on profitability and costs were controlled. However, in recent years, profit margins have been decreasing, which questions the export model as currently operated. Therefore, the Chilean agriculture model is at an important crossroads that requires rethinking the basis on which it has sustained. This research is based on New political economy of agriculture, Food regimes and Economic structuralism as theoretical and methodological tools to analyze the above mentioned processes.


Subject(s):
Issue Date:
Sep 30 2013
Publication Type:
Journal Article
PURL Identifier:
http://purl.umn.edu/184539
Published in:
Brazilian Journal of Rural Economy and Sociology (Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural-RESR), Volume 51, Number 3
Page range:
515-534
Total Pages:
20
JEL Codes:
JEL Q17; Q18; O13
Series Statement:
Volume 51
Number 03




 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2017-08-28

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