Technical Efficiency of Organic Farming in the Alpine Region – the Impact of Farm Structures and Policies

The paper investigates the impact of subsidies and of para-agriculture on the technical efficiency of organic farms in Switzerland, Austria and Southern Germany. The data-set consists of bookkeeping data with 1,704 observations in the years 2003 to 2005. Technical efficiency is modelled using a stochastic distance-frontier model combined with a Metafrontier-model. The results show almost no efficiency differences among the farms in the three countries. Para-agriculture shows a strong impact on farm’s efficiency and output in Austria and Switzerland, whereas in Germany the effect is rather small. The study confirms that agricultural subsidies have a direct impact on farm’s efficiency.


Issue Date:
2014-08
Publication Type:
Conference Paper/ Presentation
PURL Identifier:
http://purl.umn.edu/182763
Total Pages:
14
JEL Codes:
Q12; Q18; D24; C54




 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2017-08-27

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