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000174008 037__ $$a968-2016-75705
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000174008 041__ $$aen_US
000174008 245__ $$aNonparametric analysis of technical, pure technical, and scale efficiencies for food crop production in East Java, Indonesia
000174008 260__ $$c1996-11
000174008 269__ $$a1996-11
000174008 300__ $$a14
000174008 336__ $$aJournal Article
000174008 520__ $$aNon parametric analysis of technical efficiency for irrigated farms in the Madiun regency in the west-central part of East Java, Indonesia
is conducted using linear programming techniques. This procedure allows the relative technical efficiency for each farm to be determined
and for inefficiencies to be decomposed into pure technical inefficiency and scale inefficiency and does not require restrictions or
assumptions regarding functional form to be placed on the data.
Farmers in Madiun generally are efficient relative to each other. Farmers operating inefficiently do so more often because of scale
inefficiencies rather than pure technical inefficiencies. A rna jority of the farms operate in the region of decreasing returns to scale rather than
increasing returns to scale. Farmer age, the level of diversification of cropping activities, and high school education were found to be related
to technical efficiency in the rainy season under irrigated conditions. Other socioeconomic factors were not statistically significant.
The results imply that inefficient farms use excessive levels of inputs, particularly nitrogen fertilizer. This is perhaps due to the lingering
effects of past input subsidization policies, particularly of fertilizers, in Indonesia, or to risk-reducing behavior. The results also imply that
current government policies to encourage diversification of cropping practices in Java may lead to greater technical inefficiencies in
production. In addition, extension education targeted to younger farmers with low levels of formal education would improve efficiency.
000174008 542__ $$fLicense granted by Jennifer Nelson (nels7877@umn.edu) on 2014-06-24T14:42:55Z (GMT):

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000174008 650__ $$aCrop Production/Industries
000174008 650__ $$aProduction Economics
000174008 650__ $$aResearch and Development/Tech Change/Emerging Technologies
000174008 700__ $$aLlewelyn, Richard V.
000174008 700__ $$aWilliams, Jeffery R.
000174008 773__ $$dNovember 1996$$jVolume 15$$kIssue 2$$o126$$q113$$tAgricultural Economics: The Journal of the International Association of Agricultural Economists
000174008 8564_ $$s1498822$$uhttp://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/174008/files/agec1996-1997v015i002a003.pdf
000174008 887__ $$ahttp://purl.umn.edu/174008
000174008 909CO $$ooai:ageconsearch.umn.edu:174008$$pGLOBAL_SET
000174008 912__ $$nSubmitted by Jennifer Nelson (nels7877@umn.edu) on 2014-06-24T14:47:20Z
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  Previous issue date: 1996-11
000174008 982__ $$gAgricultural Economics: The Journal of the International Association of Agricultural Economists>Volume 15, Issue 2, November 1996
000174008 980__ $$a968