Analisis de las empresas con participacion de capital extranjero en la industria alimentaria espanola

En este trabajo se presenta un estudio sobre la presencia de empresas con capital extranjero en el sector espanol de la alimentacion y bebidas, con la idea de efectuar un analisis descriptivo y determina asi su relevancia sobre el total del sector. Ademas, se define el perfil de las companias identificadas analizando aspectos como su tamano, ano de constitucion, estructura financiera y actividad exterior, asi como las correlaciones entre estas variables de estudio para detectar comportamientos economico-financieros por una parte y estrategicos por otra. La metodologia seguida se sustenta en la confeccion de una base de datos a partir de las fuentes de informacion Fomento de la Produccion, SABI y las paginas web corporativas. Mediante un proceso de depuracion se ha conseguido identificar las empresas que reunen las caracteristicas objecto de estudio, seleccionando las variables para realizar el analisis descriptivo y determinar la importancia de la filial espanola dentro del grupo multinacional...This study has the main aim of quantify the presence of companies with foreign capital in the Spanish food and beverage industry. Therefore we make a descriptive analysis to determine its relevance on the whole industry. We also define the profile of the identified companies analyzing some of their characteristics such as size, year of constitution, financial structure and foreign activity, as well as the correlations among these variables to detect economic-financial and strategic behaviours. The methodology used consist in the design of a database which includes companies with foreign capital participation of the food and beverage industry. To do so, we have used different kind of sources of information: Fomento de la Produccion, a well known Spanish directory, SABI ( Sistema de Analisis de Balances Ibericos) which contains financial information and also different corporate webs. We have done a cleansing process in order to identify the target companies, and we have selected the suitable variables to carry out a descriptive analysis and to determine the importance of the Spanish subsidiary within multinational group. As a result of this work we have verified that although there are few firms with foreign capital participation in the food and Spanish beverage industry, they have great influence in this industry and therefore in the Spanish economy. To sum up, most of the identified companies have a majority foreign participation in their capital which shows off that foreign multinationals clearly prefer to impose their corporate strategies in the Spanish environment. Finally, we have obtained three kinds of subsidiaries according to their importance level within the foreign multinational group they belong to. The first group, formed by few firms, has not a very outstanding position in the multinational corporation, since they have the only role of operating in the domestic market. The second group is the largest and is more important than the previous one. The subsidiaries in this group carry out export and import activities outdoors and participate in few foreign companies in adjacent countries such as France of Portugal. Last but not least, there is a third group formed by a reduced number of subsidiaries that have considerable position in their multinational group, because they develop a very intense foreign activity and they have many subsidiaries in other countries not necessarily nearby.


Variant title:
Analysis of the firms with foreign capital participation in the Spanish food and beverage industry
Issue Date:
2006
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Record Identifier:
http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/167180
PURL Identifier:
http://purl.umn.edu/167180
Published in:
Revista Española de Estudios Agrosociales y Pesqueros, Number 212
Page range:
155-184
Total Pages:
30




 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2018-01-22

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