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000163554 037__ $$a311-2016-5569
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000163554 041__ $$aen_US
000163554 245__ $$aGlobal food and financial crises: lessons and imperatives for accelerating food production in Africa
000163554 260__ $$c2013-10
000163554 269__ $$a2013-10
000163554 300__ $$a31
000163554 336__ $$aJournal Article
000163554 490__ $$aVol. 8, No. 4
000163554 520__ $$aThis paper critically reviews the effects of the global food and financial crises on developing
countries, with specific focus on Africa. While assessments of the intertwined effects of the crises
have often focused on short-term transitory causal factors, this paper takes the view that the causes
of the food crises in Africa are long term and fundamentally structural. Policy measures to address
the food crises therefore should focus on resolving the long-term structural impediments to
accelerated agricultural growth. The paper argues that market fundamentalist policy prescriptions
have failed in Africa and are at the root of the high poverty and food insecurity being experienced
by African countries. Externally imposed policy prescriptions of one size fits all are inimical to the
growth of African agriculture, and to self-reliance in food production, given the increasing
unreliability of global markets for accessing food. Africa needs to take bold steps to accelerate food
production using home-based policies that are better aligned with its state of economic growth and
development, as well as level of poverty. Policy recommendations to accelerate food production
include greater investments to raise the productivity of staple food crops; ‘growth enhancement
support’ (GES) to unlock poverty traps by combining public farm support for farmers with risk
sharing instruments that will unlock financing for farmers and agribusinesses, and speed up the
process of commercialization of smallholder agriculture; policies to promote expanded use of
fertilisers; seed policies to expand the use of improved seeds and the growth of the private sector
seed industry; leveraging commercial bank financing into agriculture through risk-sharing
instruments; focusing investments within the breadbasket areas of African countries, where the rate
of returns on investments will be high; policies to improve climate change adaptation; and a
greater strategic role for the state in correcting for market failures, making investments in public
goods, supporting farmers, and guiding the market systems to accelerate food production.
000163554 542__ $$fLicense granted by Kirsten  Pagel (pagel076@umn.edu) on 2014-02-07T18:18:56Z (GMT):

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000163554 650__ $$aFood Security and Poverty
000163554 650__ $$aInternational Development
000163554 700__ $$aAdesina, Akinwumi A.
000163554 773__ $$dOctober 2013$$j 08$$k 4$$tAfrican Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics
000163554 8564_ $$s291909$$uhttp://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/163554/files/2.%20Adesina%20Presidential%20Address%20NV%20edit%201%20May%202012%20_edited_.pdf
000163554 887__ $$ahttp://purl.umn.edu/163554
000163554 909CO $$ooai:ageconsearch.umn.edu:163554$$pGLOBAL_SET
000163554 912__ $$nSubmitted by Kirsten  Pagel (pagel076@umn.edu) on 2014-02-07T18:20:37Z
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  Previous issue date: 2013-10
000163554 982__ $$gAfrican Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics>Volume 08, Number 4, October 2013
000163554 980__ $$a311