000158891 001__ 158891
000158891 005__ 20180122230729.0
000158891 037__ $$a1617-2016-134610
000158891 041__ $$aen_US
000158891 245__ $$aThe Accession of Kazakhstan, Russia and Ukraine to the WTO: What will it Mean for the World Trade in Wheat?
000158891 260__ $$c2013-09
000158891 269__ $$a2013-09
000158891 300__ $$a28
000158891 336__ $$aWorking or Discussion Paper
000158891 490__ $$aCATPRN Commissioned paper
000158891 490__ $$a2013-06
000158891 520__ $$aInternational trade in wheat accounts for approximately one third of world grain trade and is expected to double by 2050.The KRU (Kazakhstan, Russia and Ukraine) countries account for approximately a quarter of world wheat exports and are collectively considered one of the key wheat exporting regions. The Ukraine became a member of the WTO only in 2008. Russia became an official member of the WTO in 2012 and Kazakhstan is expected to follow Russia and reach an accession deal with WTO members shortly. As a result of WTO accession, all three countries will be entitled to “most favoured nation” (MFN tariffs), and hence, gain improved access to a number of important markets that have been largely inaccessible due to very high tariffs that could be charged on imports from non-WTO countries. World wheat trade liberalization, reflecting the move to the MFN tariff as a result of accession, was simulated using the global simulation model (GSIM). The KRU region’s increased market accessibility as a result of successful accession to the WTO has the potential to foster important re-alignments in world wheat trade flows, prices and changes in welfare among major wheat trading countries. The simulation results suggest that the change to MFN tariffs leads to KRU countries trading more with now freer markets such as Turkey, the EU and China. Major traditional wheat exporters such as Australia, Canada, the EU, and the US do not seem to be negatively impacted to any important degree. Their relative market access conditions, however, erode in Turkish, Middle Eastern, and North African markets with their exports being diverted and broadly distributed among other countries and regions at marginally reduced prices. Trade liberalization is not uniform across regions and, hence, leads to different net welfare changes across countries. Those welfare changes, however, appear to be modest.
000158891 542__ $$fLicense granted by Karl Meilke (kmeilke@uoguelph.ca) on 2013-10-24T18:21:19Z (GMT):

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000158891 650__ $$aAgribusiness
000158891 650__ $$aAgricultural and Food Policy
000158891 650__ $$aDemand and Price Analysis
000158891 650__ $$aInternational Development
000158891 650__ $$aInternational Relations/Trade
000158891 6531_ $$aaccession
000158891 6531_ $$aKazakhstan
000158891 6531_ $$aMFN
000158891 6531_ $$aRussia
000158891 6531_ $$atariff reduction
000158891 6531_ $$aUkraine
000158891 6531_ $$awheat
000158891 700__ $$aBurkitbayeva, Saule
000158891 700__ $$aKerr, William A.
000158891 8564_ $$s1227808$$uhttp://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/158891/files/Commissioned%20Paper%202013-06%20-%20Burkitbayeva%20and%20Kerr.pdf
000158891 887__ $$ahttp://purl.umn.edu/158891
000158891 909CO $$ooai:ageconsearch.umn.edu:158891$$pGLOBAL_SET
000158891 912__ $$nSubmitted by Karl Meilke (kmeilke@uoguelph.ca) on 2013-10-24T18:25:18Z
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  Previous issue date: 2013-09
000158891 982__ $$gCanadian Agricultural Trade Policy Research Network>Commissioned Papers
000158891 980__ $$a1617