Pobreza e Distribuição de Renda em Áreas Rurais: uma Abordagem de Inferência

The work develops applications of methodologies for the estimation of poverty indexes and income distribution in rural areas, being considered the sample errors of the National Survey for Household Sampling - PNADs. Are obtained estimates with confidence intervals for several indicators and for several rural areas of Brazil and stressed the areas where it was observed significant alterations in the poor proportion, poverty intensity and income distribution in the period 1995- 2001. The results of the estimates point for the occurrence of significant and positive variation in the poverty indicators in States of São Paulo, Pernambuco, Alagoas and significant fall of the same indicators in Ceará, Rio de Janeiro, Santa Catarina and Goiás. A significant fall was verified in the same period in the income concentration of the rural areas of Tocantins, Piauí, Paraíba, rural metropolitan area, rural Northeast area, rural metropolitan Northeast area and rural metropolitan South area and in the states of São Paulo, Paraná and Ceará, a significant elevation of the value of Gini index was verified. With base in calculated values of poverty elasticities was possible to establish an evaluation of the rural areas of the country in terms of combat effectiveness to the poverty based on growth and distributives policies.

Issue Date:
Sep 30 2004
Publication Type:
Journal Article
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Published in:
Brazilian Journal of Rural Economy and Sociology (Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural-RESR), Volume 42, Number 3
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Volume 42
Number 03

 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2018-01-22

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