000142384 001__ 142384
000142384 005__ 20170826231108.0
000142384 037__ $$a943-2016-74637
000142384 041__ $$aen_US
000142384 084__ $$aQ17
000142384 084__ $$aQ18
000142384 084__ $$aF13
000142384 245__ $$aStringent Maximum Residue Limits, Protectionism, and Competitiveness: The Cases of the US and Canada
000142384 260__ $$c2012-11
000142384 269__ $$a2012-11
000142384 270__ $$mboxiong@ucdavis.edu$$pXiong,   Bo
000142384 270__ $$mbeghin@iastate.edu$$pBeghin,   John
000142384 300__ $$a23
000142384 336__ $$aWorking or Discussion Paper
000142384 490__ $$aIATRC
000142384 490__ $$aWP12-01
000142384 520__ $$aMaximum Residue Limits (MRLs) on pesticides and veterinary drugs in plant and animal products are established to promote food safety and animal and plant health. In practice, however, they are often accused of creating unnecessary trade barriers. The controversy is more prominent when a given MRL is stricter than the corresponding international standard developed by Codex. Using the score indices constructed by Li and Beghin (2012), we empirically assess the implications of stringency in MRLs in plant and animal products, relative to Codex levels, for Canadian and U.S. trade performance. We find little evidence that U.S. imports are influenced by domestic stringency or those imposed by its trading partners. However, U.S. exports are negatively affected by stringency in destination markets.  Canada’s stringent MRLs facilitate its exports of plant and animal products and these exports do not seem to be impeded by MRL stringency in destination markets. Canada’s imports do not appear to be systematically influenced by either its own or its trading partners’ MRL stringency. We draw implications for the potential harmonization of MRLs between the two countries.
000142384 542__ $$fLicense granted by Linda Eells (lle@umn.edu) on 2013-01-08T21:16:53Z (GMT):

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000142384 650__ $$aAgricultural and Food Policy
000142384 650__ $$aInternational Relations/Trade
000142384 6531_ $$aMaximum Residue Limit
000142384 6531_ $$aMRL
000142384 6531_ $$astandard
000142384 6531_ $$aprotectionism
000142384 6531_ $$anon-tariff measures
000142384 6531_ $$anon-tariff barriers
000142384 6531_ $$acompetitiveness
000142384 6531_ $$agravity
000142384 6531_ $$aUS
000142384 6531_ $$aCanada
000142384 700__ $$aXiong, Bo
000142384 700__ $$aBeghin, John C.
000142384 8564_ $$s1024155$$uhttp://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/142384/files/IATRC_WP12-01_Xiong%20Beghin_final.pdf
000142384 887__ $$ahttp://purl.umn.edu/142384
000142384 909CO $$ooai:ageconsearch.umn.edu:142384$$qGLOBAL_SET
000142384 912__ $$nSubmitted by Linda Eells (lle@umn.edu) on 2013-01-08T21:23:43Z
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  Previous issue date: 2012-11
000142384 982__ $$gInternational Agricultural Trade Research Consortium>Working Papers
000142384 980__ $$a943