000127725 001__ 127725
000127725 005__ 20180528142956.0
000127725 0247_ $$2Other$$aISBN 978-1-84407-796-0
000127725 037__ $$a612-2016-40557
000127725 041__ $$aen_US
000127725 194__ $$aReDIF-Chapter
000127725 245__ $$aWastewater irrigation and health: challenges and outlook for mitigating risks in low-income countries
000127725 260__ $$c2010
000127725 269__ $$a2010
000127725 300__ $$app.381-394.
000127725 336__ $$aBook/ Chapter
000127725 390__ $$aIn Drechsel, Pay; Scott, C. A.; Raschid-Sally, Liqa; Redwood, M.; Bahri, Akissa (Eds.). Wastewater irrigation and health: assessing and mitigating risk in low-income countries. London, UK: Earthscan; Ottawa, Canada: International Development Research Centre (IDRC); Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
000127725 500__ $$aIn Drechsel, Pay; Scott, C. A.; Raschid-Sally, Liqa; Redwood, M.; Bahri, Akissa (Eds.). Wastewater irrigation and health: assessing and mitigating risk in low-income countries. London, UK: Earthscan; Ottawa, Canada: International Development Research Centre (IDRC); Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI).
000127725 520__ $$aWastewater irrigation is a widespread and growing phenomenon that carries varying degrees of risk. Whether spontaneously practiced in urban and periurban agriculture or planned as part of water reuse programmes, food and fodder production using untreated sewage or treated effluent can have serious human health implications for farmers and consumers, and can irreversibly degrade the environment. In low-income countries water pollution is often the result of inadequate wastewater collection and treatment, and unplanned release to receiving water bodies. Making wastewater irrigation safer depends on a location-specific combination of different pathogen barriers including, where possible, appropriate wastewater treatment. Ensuring that these strategies work in an integrated, mutually supportive manner requires a multi-sectoral paradigm shift in the common approach of wastewater management for disposal. Additionally, it is crucial to continue research (especially in developing countries) on the types and severity of risk, locally feasible mitigation options, the cost-effectiveness of safer wastewater irrigation practices compared to other interventions against diarrhoea and facilitating the adoption of ‘non-’ or ‘post-treatment’ options. This concluding chapter presents an outlook for wastewater irrigation by integrating the major findings of the present volume, synthesizing key elements of the current global status and challenges of sanitation and wastewater irrigation with emphasis on the WHO Guidelines. It also highlights wastewater-governance opportunities with the greatest potential to support safe wastewater irrigation that simultaneously address the combined challenges deriving from the global sanitation, water and food crises.
000127725 542__ $$fLicense granted by Chandima Gunadasa (c.gunadasa@cgiar.org) on 2012-07-17T09:32:00Z (GMT):

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000127725 650__ $$aAgricultural and Food Policy
000127725 650__ $$aCommunity/Rural/Urban Development
000127725 650__ $$aHealth Economics and Policy
000127725 650__ $$aResource /Energy Economics and Policy
000127725 650__ $$aRisk and Uncertainty
000127725 6531_ $$aWastewater irrigation
000127725 6531_ $$aPublic health
000127725 6531_ $$aUrban agriculture
000127725 6531_ $$aRisk assessment
000127725 6531_ $$aWastewater management
000127725 6531_ $$aGovernance
000127725 700__ $$aScott, Christopher A.
000127725 700__ $$aDrechsel, Pay
000127725 700__ $$aRaschid-Sally, Liqa
000127725 700__ $$aBahri, Akissa
000127725 700__ $$aMara, Duncan
000127725 700__ $$aRedwood, Mark
000127725 700__ $$aJimenez, Blanca
000127725 8564_ $$s307280$$uhttp://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/127725/files/9.pdf
000127725 887__ $$ahttp://purl.umn.edu/127725
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  Previous issue date: 2010
000127725 971__ $$aiwmibc
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000127725 980__ $$a612
000127725 982__ $$gInternational Water Management Institute>ReDIF-Book ReDIF-Chapters