000126912 001__ 126912
000126912 005__ 20180122221812.0
000126912 037__ $$a1007-2016-79680
000126912 041__ $$aen_US
000126912 245__ $$aBarriers to Fishery Exports from Developing Countries: The Impact of U.S. FDA Food Safety Regulation
000126912 260__ $$c2012
000126912 269__ $$a2012
000126912 300__ $$a18
000126912 336__ $$aConference Paper/ Presentation
000126912 520__ $$aThe United States is the third largest consumer of seafood products in the world. The percentage of imported seafood consumed in the U.S. has steadily increased from 66% in 1999 to over 84% in 2009 (NOAA, 2012). Food safety, especially of imported foods and products from developing countries, has raised increasing concerns among American consumers and policy makers. Accordingly, the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) border inspection system is considered critical for ensuring the safety of domestic seafood consumers (Ababouch et al., 2000). However, the potential non-tariff barrier to trade posed by FDA regulations, especially for many developing country exporters have been frequently cited in the literature.
This paper investigates trends and patterns in U.S. import detentions and refusals of seafood products between 2000 and 2010. Data from U.S. FDA import refusal report is used to uncover patterns of detainments and import refusals across major exporting countries, World Bank income classification and time. The analysis in this paper suggests that the FDA’s approach to food safety regulation for seafood at U.S. ports of entry does not follow random selection based inspections. Instead, a system of Import Alerts results in targeted inspections and mandatory “flagging” of repeat code violation. We find evidence of increasing levels of seafood shipment detentions without physical examinations targeted at predominantly lower-middle income seafood exporting countries which make up the majority of the U.S. seafood supply.
000126912 542__ $$fLicense granted by Elizabeth Hilber (hilb0033@umn.edu) on 2012-07-03T18:07:51Z (GMT):

<center>  <h2> Deposit Agreement </h2> </center>
I represent that I am the creator of the digital material identified herein (&ldquo;Work&rdquo;).
I represent that the work is original and that I either own all rights of copyright 
or have the right to deposit the copy in a digital archive such as AgEcon Search. 
I represent that in regard to any non-original material included in the Work I have
secured written permission of the copyright owner (s) for this use or believe this 
use is allowed by law. I further represent that I have included all appropriate 
credits and attributions. I hereby grant the Regents of the University of Minnesota
(&ldquo;University&rdquo;), through AgEcon Search, a non-exclusive right to access, reproduce, 
and distribute the Work, in whole or in part, for the purposes of security, preservation,
and perpetual access. I grant the University a limited, non-exclusive right to make
derivative works for the purpose of migrating the Work to other media or formats in
order to preserve access to the Work. I do not transfer or intend to transfer any 
right of copyright or other intellectual property to the University. If the Deposit 
Agreement is executed by the Author�s Representative, the Representative shall separately
execute the following representation: I represent that I am authorized by the Author
to execute this Deposit Agreement on behalf of the Author.

000126912 650__ $$aFood Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety
000126912 650__ $$aInternational Development
000126912 650__ $$aLivestock Production/Industries
000126912 700__ $$aAnders, Sven M.
000126912 700__ $$aWestra, Sabrina
000126912 773__ $$d2012
000126912 8564_ $$s759202$$uhttp://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/126912/files/Westra.pdf
000126912 887__ $$ahttp://purl.umn.edu/126912
000126912 909CO $$ooai:ageconsearch.umn.edu:126912$$pGLOBAL_SET
000126912 912__ $$nSubmitted by Elizabeth Hilber (hilb0033@umn.edu) on 2012-07-03T18:10:05Z
No. of bitstreams: 1
Westra.pdf: 759202 bytes, checksum: d19bdc141391bc027b9b0ed0efde3ca8 (MD5)
000126912 912__ $$nMade available in DSpace on 2012-07-03T18:10:07Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1
Westra.pdf: 759202 bytes, checksum: d19bdc141391bc027b9b0ed0efde3ca8 (MD5)
  Previous issue date: 2012
000126912 982__ $$gInternational Association of Agricultural Economists>2012 Conference, August 18-24, 2012, Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil
000126912 980__ $$a1007