Investigation and Analysis of Herdsman's Settlement in Xinjiang: A Case Study of Fuhai County

This paper introduces the status quo of herdsman's settlement in Fuhai County of Xinjiang. As to the herdsman's settlement in this county, there are 5 models: centralized settlement, sporadic settlement, settlement along the river, striped settlement along hillside, flower-arrangement-style settlement. Through settlement, herdsman's production mode changes dramatically, along with concept of production and management. On the one hand, the herdsman enjoys the fruits of economic development of modern society; on the other hand, the natural grassland is protected effectively and border stability is guaranteed. The problems existing in herdsman's settlement in Fuhai County are analysed as follows: first, the funds for building herdsman's settlement are short; second, the natural grassland degrades and the existing forage land is critically insufficient; third, the holistic level of herdsman's settlement is low, and herdsman's production and living mode is backward; fourth, the former settlements lack long-term and systematic planning. By establishing the building standard and principle of site selection regarding settlement, this paper proposes optimization program for herdsman's settlement in Fuhai County, and points out the following measures for guaranteeing herdsman's settlement: increase support for herdsman's settlement, and further ease herdsman's self-fund-raising pressure; accelerate building of forage base so that the herdsman can settle; strengthen technology promotion and scientific training for grass-roots personnel in settlements; focus on solving the problem of follow-up industry concerning herdsman's settlement; combine herdsman's settlement work and pastoral area organically, and promote large-scale herdsman's settlement.

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Asian Agricultural Research, Volume 03, Issue 11
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 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2018-01-22

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