000124403 001__ 124403
000124403 005__ 20180122221253.0
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000124403 245__ $$aSupplying Forest Services and Products from Natural Forests and Plantations: Can We Meet the Challenge?
000124403 260__ $$c2005-08-16
000124403 269__ $$a2005-08-16
000124403 300__ $$a15
000124403 336__ $$aConference Paper/ Presentation
000124403 390__ $$aSensible and equitable use of the world’s forests
while ensuring sustainable delivery of forest-based
goods and services devolves upon many interlinked
social, economic, environmental and developmental
issues. Increasing global population,
rising standards of living with concomitant consumption
of forest products, and widening expectations
of the forests to provide environmental
services and regulate water supplies, are placing
huge demands on forest resources. While the
yield from industrial and fuelwood plantations increasingly
complements the harvest of wood
products from native forests, the establishment of
plantations is not offsetting the current rate of deforestation.
Clearing for agriculture, often associated
with uncontrolled logging and fuelwood collection,
remains the major cause of net forest loss.
Conversion of tropical forest to industrial plantations
may have negative implications for biodiversity,
but positive ones for carbon sequestration
and wood production. Harvesting traditional nonwood
forest products can have mixed outcomes
on the forest, depending on the levels of exploitation
and management.
The level of exploitation of forest products is determined
by need, demand and price. In general,
forest commodity prices have steadily dropped
over the last several years in line with many other
commodity prices. This places pressure on producers
to reduce costs, and this pressure is reflected
in the level and effectiveness of forest
management. Current forest valuation processes
tend to ignore the value of forest services and
goods other than wood; this leads to a restricted
forest policy horizon and undervaluation of forests,
and consequently to inappropriate pricing for
goods and services and levels of investment in
forest management. This situation is reflected in a
lack of sectorally-integrated forest policies, rundown
forest management authorities and inadequate
R&D, and a lack of investment in training of
staff. The capacity for ecologically sustainable forest
management is inevitably severely compromised.
The international development community needs
to take stock of what past development assistance
in the forest sector has achieved. A paradigm shift
is necessary, focussed on governance, forest policy
and capacity building if the pressures on forests
are to be met and the expectations of the
global community realised.
000124403 520__ $$aSensible and equitable use of the world’s forests while ensuring sustainable delivery of forest-based goods and services devolves upon many interlinked social, economic, environmental and developmental issues. Increasing global population, rising standards of living with concomitant consumption of forest products, and widening expectations of the forests to provide environmental services and regulate water supplies, are placing huge demands on forest resources. While the yield from industrial and fuelwood plantations increasingly complements the harvest of wood products from native forests, the establishment of plantations is not offsetting the current rate of deforestation. Clearing for agriculture, often associated with uncontrolled logging and fuelwood collection, remains the major cause of net forest loss. Conversion of tropical forest to industrial plantations may have negative implications for biodiversity, but positive ones for carbon sequestration and wood production. Harvesting traditional nonwood forest products can have mixed outcomes on the forest, depending on the levels of exploitation and management. The level of exploitation of forest products is determined by need, demand and price. In general, forest commodity prices have steadily dropped over the last several years in line with many other commodity prices. This places pressure on producers to reduce costs, and this pressure is reflected in the level and effectiveness of forest management. Current forest valuation processes tend to ignore the value of forest services and goods other than wood; this leads to a restricted forest policy horizon and undervaluation of forests, and consequently to inappropriate pricing for goods and services and levels of investment in forest management. This situation is reflected in a lack of sectorally-integrated forest policies, rundown forest management authorities and inadequate R&D, and a lack of investment in training of staff. The capacity for ecologically sustainable forest management is inevitably severely compromised. The international development community needs to take stock of what past development assistance in the forest sector has achieved. A paradigm shift is necessary, focussed on governance, forest policy and capacity building if the pressures on forests are to be met and the expectations of the global community realised.
000124403 542__ $$fLicense granted by Kirsten Olson (olso5834@umn.edu) on 2012-06-01T14:25:34Z (GMT):

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000124403 650__ $$aResource /Energy Economics and Policy
000124403 700__ $$aBevege, Ian
000124403 8564_ $$s375321$$uhttp://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/124403/files/Bevege%202005.pdf
000124403 887__ $$ahttp://purl.umn.edu/124403
000124403 909CO $$ooai:ageconsearch.umn.edu:124403$$pGLOBAL_SET
000124403 912__ $$nSubmitted by Kirsten Olson (olso5834@umn.edu) on 2012-06-01T14:27:02Z
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  Previous issue date: 2005-08-16
000124403 982__ $$gCrawford Fund>Conference Proceedings>2005: Forests, Wood and Livelihoods: Finding a Future for All, 16 August 2005
000124403 980__ $$a651