Does Common Agricultural Policy Reduce Farm Labour Migration? A Panel Data Analysis Across EU Regions

This paper deals with the determinants of labour out-migration from agriculture across 153 EU regions over the 1990-2008 period. The central aim is to shed light on the role played by CAP payments on this important adjustment process. Using static and dynamic panel data methods, we show that standard neo-classic drivers, like the relative income and the relative labour share, represented significant determinants of the inter-sectoral migration of the agricultural labour. Overall, CAP payments have contributed significantly to job creation in agriculture, although the magnitude of the economic effect is quite small. Moreover, Pillar I subsidies have exerted an effect from three to five times stronger than Pillar II payments.

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JEL Codes:
Q12; Q18; O13; J21; J43; J60

 Record created 2017-04-01, last modified 2018-01-22

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